This is one of the most carefree annual flowers you can grow, with few serious disease or insect problems. It can be invasive … It will languish a bit if planted too early in the cool spring, and will begin to diminish as the weather cools in fall. Pair them with other heat and sun lovers like million bells, moss rose, lantanas, or penta flowers. A number of cultivars exist. Annual vinca commonly grows 8 to 12 inches tall, but some varieties can reach a height of 18 inches. Several flower color options are available - pink, purple, red, white, magenta - to lend a splash of intensity. Periwinkle's big cousin (Vinca major) is known as bigleaf or greater periwinkle. Vinca provides some of the latest and earliest green in a northern garden, and the blue flowers … Plants set out too early in cold, wet soil will deliver a sickly performance; after all, these are hot weather annuals. The newer vincas are easier to start from seed than their predecessors. Sow seeds in seed-starting formula and cover with 1/8 … Oblong to ovate leaves are opposite, simple, ½ to 2 inches long, glossy, with a short petiole. in height. Annual vinca (Catharanthus roseus) is commonly used for summer color in landscapes.It thrives in sunny areas and is fairly drought tolerant. White-margined variegated cultivars are "Albo-variegata," "Argenteo-variegata," "Ralph Shugert" and "Sterling Silver." With a bit of effort, you can reap their benefits by sowing their seeds and caring for them into maturity to enjoy for years to come. Because of their ability to root and spread, they can help hold the soil in place. Streamside, or riparian, areas are especially vulnerable. Vincas demand well-draining soil. Add compost or grit to your heavy soil; alternatively, plant vincas in raised beds or containers with a porous, well-draining potting mix. Watering too frequently is a common mistake with annual vinca. The dead turf is still there. Californians should choose other noninvasive ground covers for shady areas. Annual vincas bloom through the summer. After that time, vinca vines will need to be irrigated only during extremely hot, dry weather. Shopping for Vinca Once you know the type of vinca you’re looking form, we have tips to make sure you get the best-quality plants from your local garden center. Trailing vincas are a great option as a spiller out of a container or hanging basket. It grows up to 12 inches high, with larger leaves and flowers, and while it also spreads, it makes a more mounding or undulating ground cover than V. minor. Yes, vinca can be aggressive, but I am grateful for that, given the difficulty of getting anything to grow under my Norway maples or in the dirty fill (old nails, broken crockery, etc.) Depending on your zone, you can plant vinca flower in February, March, April, May, June, September, October, November or even December. Slugs and snails may also feast on the leaves.. Upright varieties work well in mass plantings, especially in landscapes where you're looking to make a big impact with little maintenance. They typically stand only 3 to 6 inches off the ground, but their trailing stems can reach 18 inches in length. The foliage of vinca plants is dark green and leathery looking. Similarly, you may ask, how do you winterize vinca? White-flowered forms are "Alba," "Albo-plena" with double flowers, and "Miss Jekyll." Annual vinca is best grown in a sandy loam soil in a full sun location. Flower colors range from intense pure red, pink, white and purple such as exhibited by the "Victory" series, to pastel pink, lilac and coral and also pure colors centered by a contrasting central eye. Flowers are purple, blue or white depending on the cultivar. The University of Florida Extension reports that vinca flower vines grow 7 to 24 inches high and wide. This can be important on the side of a hill, where soil erosion might be a problem. Sow Vinca seeds outdoors after all danger of frost. "Cora" is a series bred to be resistant to Phytophthora root rot. When shopping for vinca, make sure plants have lush, dark green leaves. Vinca is a genus of flowering plants in the family Apocynaceae, native to Europe, northwest Africa and southwest Asia. Perennial vincas (Vinca minor, Vinca major) have blue flowers except for a few cultivars with white or purple flowers, and bloom primarily in spring. How to Root a Vinca Vine Fill a planting container with commercial potting soil. Vinca Plant Care. Depending on the variety, the plants are 6 to 18 inches tall with a similar spread. The large-flowered "Pacifica" and "Tropicana" series do well in areas with high heat and humidity, and the "Mediterranean" series has trailing growth that cascades over container edges. Bring out the contrasting eye of the vinca flower by pairing them with a flower that matches the flower’s eye. You really don't have to do anything. Although tolerant of drought, it will perform best with weekly water soaked in rather than sprayed from overhead. Vincas are free-flowering and self-cleaning, and no deadheading is necessary. A 12-pack is great for adding bold, seasonal color to your landscape in flower beds, around mailboxes, and when creating borders. Evergreen perennial lesser periwinkle (Vinca minor), also called creeping myrtle, according to the University of Vermont, is a ground cover for shady areas in USDA zones 4 through 9. Some older types of vinca can self seed in the garden, especially in subtropical areas. Annual vinca (Catharanthus roseus) is a tropical perennial that is grown as an annual in most regions. This can be confusing because there are other plants in the genus Vinca that are perennial vines, which are also called vinca or periwinkle. Vinca flowers are typically used as a ground cover in the garden, as they are low growing and spread rapidly once established. hi, are you talking about vinca vine or vinca flowers? Dividing established plants is the quickest way to propagate, but if you want lots of new plants taking cuttings or sowing seeds may work better. "Emily Joy" has pink-tinged white flowers. Abundant flowers bloom continuously throughout the summer. Plants are 6 inches tall and spread 2 to 4 feet wide. The plant is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zone 9 through 11. Vinca minor, or common periwinkle, is easy to propagate from division, stem cuttings and seed. They will also do great in containers. 10 years ago. These prolific, self seeders, will usually reseed themselves, if left unattended. Native to tropical Madagascar, according to Floridata, summer-flowering vinca, also called annual vinca, has rosy-pink flowers and glossy, oval leaves. Many people will broadcast spread them across an area. Many varieties feature a contrasting eye. The low-care nature of vinca plants helps them succeed in window boxes and other garden containers. Cover the seeds enough to ensure darkness, and use supplemental heat if necessary to provide an ideal germination temperature of 75 degrees Fahrenheit. Catharanthus Roseus. Periwinkle has shallow, spreading, fibrous roots that hold soil … Their mounding habit makes them great for ground cover, with prolific flowers during the summer. Vinca plants bear single blooms with five petals that frequently touch or overlap from early summer until the first frost. If your plants do fall victim to … I'd like it to spread and fill in as quickly as possible. It is also called Madagascar periwinkle or just vinca. One small plant can spread to 8 feet (2.4 m.) across. The likelihood of vinca disease is small, but you can further reduce the risk by planting disease-resistant cultivars like "Cora" and "Nirvana." It needs hot weather and does best in full sun. For cooler growing conditions, like greenhouse production, the "Cooler" series performs well. The vines need little care. Both the species are known to be invasive, as they can spread quite rapidly. Vinca flowers, also known as periwinkle, are perennial flowering plants that thrive in shade and are tolerant of a wide range of soil conditions. Also known as Madagascar periwinkle, these aren't the newest or flashiest annual flowers on the gardening scene, but recent cultivar developments warrant a closer examination of this common bedding plant. Annual vinca, Catharanthus, may be grown from seed sown early indoors and transplanted outside after frost or planted as a potted plant. Reply. Watch out for plants that have pale green or yellowing leaves; this is often a sign that the plant was stressed. These all bloom from early summer to frost and are hardy in USDA zones 9 through 12. In a plant that was already reliably drought-tolerant and pest-free, what more could you ask? Some of the area is bare in between the plants, but some of the area I left in grass as the slope is steep (erosion), but used something like Round Up to kill the grass. Keep the soil moist for a few weeks or until new vinca vines are established, which is indicated by new growth. It is more drought-tolerant than it looks, so avoid overwatering, and use well-draining soil to prevent root rot. Do not plant near other specimens in the flower bed or garden, as it may overtake and choke out valuable plantings. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Horticulturists have been hard at work cultivating new colors in plants with showy flowers that are easy to start from seed. Take advantage of the fast growth habit of vincas. How to Sow and Plant. It is also called lesser periwinkle or creeping myrtle. Reply. They self spread. Plants bloom in March or April and sometimes again in the fall. The cheery flowers on vinca are accented by glossy green leaves. You can also plant them in the ground but in and around the southwest it is considered an annual. Plants with yellow variegated leaves are "Aureovariegata," "Golden Bowles," "Maculata," "Illumination" and "Variegata." Summer-flowering, or annual, vincas (Catharanthus rosea) have rose-colored flowers in the species, but cultivars have a wider range of flower colors, mostly from white through pinks, reds and purples. The genus Vinca includes six species of plants, of which the ‘vinca minor’ and ‘vinca major’ are more commonly grown in the gardens as groundcover. No matter your preference, all are attractive to butterflies and are rabbit resistant. She has years of experience in caring for flowers and plants. Maintenance: Vinca can spread into areas it is not wanted so annual trimming of wandering shoots is recommended. Jamie has written about gardening and special occasion flowers since 2011. Annual vinca doesn't require deadheading, or the removal of faded flowers, to continue blooming, making it a wonderfully low-maintenance annual flower for sun. Spread the mulch evenly over the vinca, covering the foliage completely. Remove the mulch the next spring when the temperatures begin to moderate. helping vinca minor to spread faster. The vinca plant tolerates heat well and continues to flower even in the hottest weather. Vinca will tolerate some freezing temperatures, so removing the mulch in early spring is best for the vinca. I've just finished planting over 500 vinca minor plants on a sloped area. The English name periwinkle is shared with the related genus Catharanthus. The Spruce uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Sowing Seed Indoors: Sow vinca indoors 12-15 weeks before the last frost. Purplish-blue flowers are most common, although there are some cultivators that produce white and red flowers. Remove the leaves from the top halves of the stems. The Invasive Plant Atlas also reports big periwinkle as being invasive in Western and Southwestern states and some Southern and Eastern states. on May 31, 2017. Spread 1 to 2 inches of mulch around the vinca plants. Vinca minor grows about 6 inches tall, spreading in all directions by sending out long tra… Big periwinkle (Vinca major) is a rapidly-growing perennial vine that has escaped from garden settings and is regarded as an invasive plant that is spreading to native plant communities in California, according to the California Invasive Plant Council. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Vinca has rhizomes or underground stems that travel in the soil and help spread the plant. Annual vinca loves full sun. Helpful. A safe bet is to plant your vincas around the same time you set out your tomato transplants: when evening temperatures average 60 degrees Fahrenheit. Dip the bottom 1 inch of … Until recent years, the range of … All vincas are usually ground covers or container plants. Both bloom early spring into late fall. Annual vinca plants bear single blooms with five petals that frequently touch or overlap from early summer until the first frost. In poorly draining soil, stem rot and leaf spots may occur. on May 29, 2017. You can cut it anywhere there is a node. Plant spread is typically 12 to 18 inches. Both Vinca major and Vinca minor, the herbaceous evergreen perennials, belong to the family ‘Apocynaceae.’ These are commonly known as ‘vinca’ or ‘periwinkle.’ The scrambling, trailing vines of these plants spread along the ground and form dense masses. Trailing annual vincas like the 'Cora Cascade' series don't have a big footprint in the soil, but will spill onto pathways and peek through leggy shrubs to add a burst of color. This plant can be easily propagated by taking cuttings in early fall. The "Carpet" series offers very short, 3- to 4-inch-tall plants that each spread to 2 feet wide. Vinca major has larger leaves and larger flowers than vinca minor. Regular water is required for the first year. Depending on the variety, the plants are 8 to 18 inches tall and spread from 1 to 2 feet. Although it prefers rich, slightly moist soil, it tolerates a wide range of conditions, including clay, alkaline soils and drought. So, they are widely used as groundcovers. Different color combinations and heights occur in selected lines of summer-flowering vinca. Helpful. Dampen the potting soil using a spray bottle. This issue may also be compounded when the flowers have been planted in less than ideal conditions, as they do require well-draining soil. Annual vinca produces 1- to 2-inch-diameter flowers above glossy, dark green foliage. Seeds should be started indoors. around my 1885 house. "Flore Pleno" has double blue flowers, "Honeydew" has lavender-blue flowers, and "Atropurpurea" has reddish-purple blooms .Slower-growing cultivars like "Illumination" and "Bowles' Variety" make good container plants, with "Bowles' Variety" reblooming occasionally into summer and fall. Missouri Botanical Garden. If you havent included vincas in your garden for a while, you should check out the expanded color palette that now includes blooms in every shade of the pink, rose, and lilac spectrum. Peach and white fl… The blooms on vinca minor are relatively small- … If a plant suffers from rot, remove it from the planting bed, so the problem doesn't spread. It grows 12 to 24 inches tall and wide, suitable for ground covers, hanging baskets, containers and mass plantings. It spreads not by seeds from the spring-blooming blue flowers but vegetatively, with roots forming at stem nodes. Spread a 1- to 2-inch layer of mulch around the plants with a trowel or garden fork. The blooming period for vinca flower, also called periwinkles or Catharanthus roseus officially, depends on what types of vinca are involved. Cut several 3- to 6-inch stems from a healthy periwinkle plant. hooked_on_lights. The foliage is dark green and leathery. They are considered a nuisance plant in tropical areas but around the southwest, this will not become a problem. Evergreen perennial lesser periwinkle (Vinca minor), also called creeping myrtle, according to the University of Vermont, is a ground cover for shady areas in USDA zones 4 through 9. Read our, 10 Best Flowering Plants That Deer Will Not Eat, The Best Spiller Plants for Container Gardens. Vinca minor vines stay short, sprawling out over the ground. Annual vinca can be trailing or upright. Periwinkle (Vinca minor) is an excellent evergreen groundcover with dark green foliage. Plant the rooted cuttings in potting soil in late winter and grow into nursery plants to set out when the weather warms the following spring. These perform best in shady areas. Don’t rush to put out vinca plants in the spring. The plant produces flowers in spring and can be sown from the resulting seed. Treating rotting, wilting Vinca flowers Infection in a pot or container. Once established, Vinca is drought tolerant. Vinca or Periwinkle are grown from seeds. Cynthia Jagneaux. Hi, I want to plant vinca minor between the sidewalk and the street, replacing the grass I killed last year. This is a plant that thrives in dry soil.. Fertilizing in spring with an all purpose fertilizer will help keep Vinca lush. Growing periwinkle as a ground cover is common, as it rarely reaches more than 4 inches (10 cm.) Vinca Vinca minor Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Asterids Order: Gentianales Family: Apocynaceae Subfamily: Rauvolfioideae Tribe: Vinceae Subtribe: Vincinae M.E.Endress Genus: Vinca L. 1753 Synonyms Pervinca Mill. Vinca minor is hardy in zones 4-9, Vinca major 7-11. They exude a milky juice when broken. Perennial vincas (Vinca minor, V. major) bloom primarily in spring. Keep the mulch two to three inches away from the plants' stems to prevent the development of rot. They are deer-resistant and rabbit-proof flowers, and few insects … These flowers will grow more prolifically as temperatures rise, keeping your sultry summer days full of color until fall. Summer-flowering vinca is hardy in USDA zones 9 through 12, and is treated in lower hardiness zones as an annual. "Heat Wave" is a series that tolerates drier heat. For example, you can plant white vincas with a burgundy eye alongside burgundy zinnias, or pair peach vincas with a red eye with dramatic wine-hued celosia plants. Growing seasons which have been especially rainy can help contribute to the spread of disease among vinca plants. In fact, feeding can reduce blooms. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board, Herbaceous perennial, usually grown as an annual. Thin stems have medium-sized green leaves, with blue flowers in spring on the species. Many varieties feature a contrasting eye. It has flowers and foliage that resemble those of impatiens, but rather than being a shade lover, annual vinca is a perfect choice for sunny locations. A moderate weekly watering is ideal, but do not water at all if your garden is getting regular rainfall. This plant generally does not need to be fed. This plant thrives in hot and humid weather. 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