Hedgehog […], Hedgehog Awareness Week runs from 3rd – 9th May 2020 and hedgehoggy events are being organised all around the country! Hedgehogs have a rather rounded body covered in short, dark, yellow-tipped spines, and a short tail. See more ideas about hedgehog facts, hedgehog, hedgehog care. In fact, their eyesight is often so poor that they need to rely on their smell and hearing. The BHPS has a leaflet, Caring for Hoglets, available from the address below or on our website www.britishhedgehogs.org.uk. By curling into a tight ball and tucking in their heads, tail and legs, they protect vulnerable parts of their body. Learn all about one of Australia’s most amazing animals with our kangaroo facts, Discover more about these adorable small mammals…. Britain has hedgehogs too. These pages cover everything you could ever want to know about the hedgehog in Britain, including their distribution, behaviour, ecology and the threats that they face. They can become trapped in the rubbish or even put out for refuse collection. Choose a period of relatively warm, damp weather and ensure that plenty of dry nesting material is available for the hedgehog to build a winter nest and hibernate. Round, brown and famously covered in spines, the hedgehog is the UK’s most familiar wild animal. Habitat: Grassland, hedgerows, woodland and meadows Diet: Carnivore However hedgehog carers prefer to get autumn juveniles in care to an optimum weight of 600gms (1lb 6oz) or more. Lifespan (in wild): Around seven years A wild hedgehog lifespan can last up to 4 – 7 years for the larger ones, some with the abundance of food and good climates, they are able to live up to a good 16 years. Did you know hedgehogs are nocturnal? Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Photo Credit: Instagram 2. Hedgehogs have a trick up their, errr, “sleeve” to give themselves extra protection – “self anointing.” These amazing animals are immune to certain poisonous plants, which they eat before making a frothy saliva in their mouth. It will never sleep or hibernate outside a nest. Call the BHPS for further advice on 01584 890801 and a copy of the leaflet ‘Autumn Juveniles’. Family name: Erinaceidae "Hedgehog" stems from the 1450 with "heyghoge" - found in hedgerows with a pig-like snout. The good news is hedgehog fleas are host specific and will not infest your cat or dog. Help boost Devon’s hedgehog population by doing something to help hogs in your area and map your achievements here. Spines. Their poor sight is likely as a result of their night- time adaptation. Hedgehogs are a gardener's friend, as they eat snails, slugs and insects. While you wait for it to be checked and approved why not to add These prickly critters rely on hedgerows and woodland edges for food and shelter. The African pygmy hedgehog is the most common type sold as pets. Shakespeare mentions hedgehogs in ‘The Tempest’ and ‘Midsummer Night’s Dream’ and he refers to ‘hedgepigs’ and ‘urchins’. Once hibernating provide dry foods so should the hedgehog wake it will have food and water available. Another excellent hedgehog book is by Hugh Warwick and is called: My Life With Hedgehogs*. They are also killed by foxes, pine martens, stoats and badgers. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. These are an attractive nest as well as a home for the invertebrates (slugs, beetles) that hedgehogs like to eat. About. European hedgehog. Hedgehogs have excellent senses of smell and hearing, but very poor eyesight. Explore more than 35 'Hedgehog Facts' resources for teachers, parents and pupils as well as related resources on 'Hibernation' You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Four to six years is a normal life span, but a pet hedgehog can live up to ten years. The popular but prickly character topped a … THEY ARE VERY INTRESTING FACT .I LOVE THIS WEBSITE. Hedgies have poor eyesight, but excellent senses of smell and hearing. By that time, their eyes are open, their spines are effective and they can safely follow their mother outside the nest as she looks for food. Keep shed, greenhouse and garage doors closed at night so hedgehogs are not tempted to make a nest in them, and perhaps become trapped in them when doors are permanently closed. Top speed: 9.5km/h bursts But soon after birth, their spines harden, becoming stiffer, sharper and longer. The hedgehog will treat this as a welcome supplement to its normal diet and will not go hungry if, for some reason, the food is not put out. A more recent estimate in 1995, of 1,550,000 in Great Britain (England 1,100,000, Scotland 310,000, Wales 140,000), is more reliable. Nov 28, 2018 - Here are some facts around hedgehogs and information about hedgehogs. 1. This diagram shows that beetles are a major food item along with caterpillars and earthworms. They are covered with a coat of very sharp spines, which are hollow and made of keratin (like your fingernails). Bean trenches, footings, fencing holes and car inspection pits are all potential death traps for hedgehogs. Each spine on a hedgehog's body is 2–3cm (0.75–1.25in) long. Keep drains covered so that hedgehogs do not become stuck down them. When they are born (there can be up to seven in a litter) their spines are soft and short. Hedgehogs tend to hibernate between November and mid-March and may choose the stack of leaves or branches in your garden. Scientists believe this may help hedgehogs hide their scent from predators, or give them a nasty shock shock should they attack! This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. sheds, hedges and brushwood) and need plenty of dry leaves to build their nest. In the 1950s it was estimated there were 36.5 million hedgehogs in Britain, but this was based on limited data and was probably an overestimate. The spikes last about a year each, fall out, and then a new one grows in its place. The hedgehog is the most easily recognised of British mammals yet they are steadily disappearing from the wild. Recent surveys show that hedgehog numbers declined by approximately a third between 2002 and 2012 and sightings fell by 4 percent just in 2014. Here are a few interesting facts on hedgehogs that might just surprise you. Whereas for the smaller species, they are able to like anywhere from 2 – 5 years in average which is … Roll up the net well above ground when not in use. However, many householders put out a saucer of meat based pet food for their garden friends. There are 15 different species of hedgehog, found across Europe, Asia and Africa. The use of information and the reproduction of illustrations from *The New Hedgehog Book’, (Whittet Books, £12.99) by Dr. Pat Morris is gratefully acknowledged. The African pygmy hedgehog is a wild animal that - despite their small size - has a wide range of needs that must be met in order for the animal to be healthy and happy. I would like a hedgehog for my garden – where can I get one? Once eating, a suitable diet can consist of hedgehog food, meaty cat or dog food, cat biscuits, CHOPPED UNSALTED peanuts or sunflower hearts (not seeds)   Fresh water should ALWAYS be available. Discover amazing facts about all your favourite animals! See BHPS leaflet ‘Into the Wild’. The Latin word for hedgehogs is Erinaceus and our own British hedgehog is scientifically known as Erinaceus europaeus; it is the same species that occurs throughout most of the continent of Europe. The snuffling noises they make as they search for their food in hedgerows gave hedgehogs their name. He will require a large cage even though he is small. It should be placed in a box lined with plenty of clean fresh straw, torn newspaper or clean old towelling for bedding. 35 Top Hedgehog Facts Teaching Resources. Top on the hedgehog”s menu are insects, followed by small mice, snails, lizards, frogs, eggs and even snakes. Threats to the Hedgehog. Did you know? IUCN status: Least concern There is now evidence that numbers have been declining since then. Websites by barringtonprint    Design | Print | Web    Leominster, Herefordshire. Always cut the plastic rings of “4 and 6 pack” holders. Make a hedgehog a home Leave areas of the garden 'wild', with piles of leaf litter and logs. The body of adult hedgehogs ranges from 14 to 30 centimetres long, and their tail can add one to six centimetres. Garden ponds / Swimming pools – can be death traps to small mammals. Use other garden pesticides sparingly;- or better still not at all, you never know what else they might kill or make sick. They root through hedges and other undergrowth in search of their favourite food – small creatures such as insects, worms, centipedes, snails, mice, frogs, and snakes. Scroll down for 15 more fun hedgehog facts! Autumn juveniles, i.e. Sometimes there is another one. Hedgehogs are wonderful creatures that inhabit our gardens in the UK, and there are many friendly facts about hedgehog for kids that you might like to know. These cute critters depend on their spines for defense, both while they sleep and when they face enemies. Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. An adult hedgehog can weigh between 650 grams to 2kg, they can live up to eight years but often in the wild this is greatly reduced to 2-3 years. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. 1. Cat and dog treatments are far too strong to use on hedgehogs. BTO is one of several organisations that has been collecting information on hedgehogs through its volunteer-based To prevent such unnecessary deaths, litter should be disposed of in a proper manner. It sometimes licks its spines, smearing them with its foamy saliva. The hedgehog’s back and sides are covered in 25 mm (1”) long spines (which are really modified hairs). a pre-selected message and a cool badge. Classification: Mammal Hedgehog - Erinaceus europaeus Taxon: Eulipotyphla Hedgehog Red List Classification: GB: Vulnerable England: Vulnerable Scotland: Vulnerable Wales: Vulnerable Global: Least Concern General fact sheet (click to download) Field sign fact sheet (click to download) Habitat: Urban & gardens, grassland, mixed woodland, heathland, arable land. There are approximately 5,000/7,000 spines on an average adult hedgehog. Always ensure that there are several gently sloping slipways around the edge of the water to enable animals to escape if they fall in. Hedgehogs can swim and climb. […], Hedgehog Awareness Week runs from 5th – 11th May 2019 […], Hedgehog Street – Hedgehog Ecology and Land Management. Juveniles are known as hoglets. They are nocturnal and sleep all day in nests […] Keep bags used for putting out household rubbish off the ground. Out buildings are fine if heated but don’t put hedgehogs directly onto a metal grid or wire floor, or straight onto concrete – they have sensitive feet and the cold will permeate through. They are not considered to be endangered, although numbers are in decline due to habitat loss. Other Dangers – Hedgehogs can become entangled in tennis and other nets, causing death by starvation. Always ensure that a dish of water is available especially during the summer months or in extreme weather conditions. This photo was taken at night using … Hedgehogs are famous for their prickly spines, which they have everywhere except on their face, legs and bellies. A recommended diet is listed under ‘Caring for Autumn Juveniles’. Though you may prefer to leave this to someone with experience as it is easy to leave the mouth-parts and head in the skin which may turn septic. Care and treatment of sick & injured hedgehogs, Guidance for Releasing Rehabilitated Hedgehogs, If it is necessary to remove fleas from a hedgehog, then a commercially prepared, suitable for caged birds can be dusted amongst the spines (taking care to avoid the eyes of the animal) as an adequate treatment, but do, food, meaty cat or dog food, cat biscuits, CHOPPED UNSALTED peanuts or sunflower hearts (not seeds), hedgehog behaviour, habits, physiology and private life, illustrated with delightful and amus, Sign our petition to get greater legal protection for hedgehogs, British hedgehog now officially classified as vulnerable to extinction, Hedgehog Awareness Week 2020 (3rd May -9th May). Top 10 facts about hedgehogs TODAY is the 150th anniversary of the birth of Beatrix Potter, so here are some facts about hedgehogs in honour of her creation of Mrs Tiggy-Winkle. Also, ensure that the release site is already inhabited by hedgehogs as this is an indication that the area is ‘hedgehog friendly’. If absolutely necessary, pellets should be placed in a pipe or under a slate inaccessible to hedgehogs. Then check out our adorable hedgehog facts…. What to do if you've found a sick or injured hedgehog Slipways may be made by half submerging bricks or rocks around the edges of ponds and pools. Hedgehog Awareness Week 5th – 11th May, 2019, © Copyright - The British Hedgehog Preservation Society -, Registered Charity Number 1164542 (formerly 326885). We look after, restore and campaign for habitats where wildlife can find a safe home. Scientists still stumped by zebra stripes. Hedgehogs are often killed by manmade influences, such as in ponds, bonfires, on roads, by strimmers and lawnmowers, pesticides, garden netting and litter. During the day, and during winter hibernation, the hedgehog will sleep in a specially built nest in thick undergrowth, under a shed, in piles of leaves or unlit bonfires. Blood-sucking ticks are often found on hedgehogs and after taking their fill of blood, will drop off the host in order to complete their life cycle. Ask a parent or guardian to check it out first and remember to stay safe online. The hedgehog’s sly and crafty nature is also seen in a Mongolian folktale known as The Clever Little Hedgehog .This tale involves three friends – a wolf, a fox, and a hedgehog, who compete for the right to eat a plum that fell off from a sack of a passing caravan. Babies stay in the nest until they”re about three weeks old. Scientific name: Erinaceus […], 23 university campuses are now more hedgehog friendly! hedgehogs are so cute and are very interesting! who have encountered these animals  ‘at table’ will testify; but what do they actually eat? As its name suggests it spends the day sleeping in hedgerows or under shrubs. Hedgehogs eat insects, worms, snails, mice and frogs. Ensure the pool cover is on every night and that the polystyrene floats are placed near the side for a hedgehog to cling to. Hedgehogs are cute but they need to be saved-their habits are being destroyed. This website uses cookies (not edible ones!). Always try alternative methods – see BHPS leaflet on ‘Creating a Wildlife Garden’. Amazing Facts About the Hedgehog (European) The hedgehog got its name because of its peculiar foraging habits. Everyone is sure to know what a hedgehog looks like. Hedgehogs are in trouble in the UK as reports come in that fewer hedgehogs are seen every year. Dr Morris is one of the country’s leading hedgehog experts and his book gives factual, down to earth information on hedgehog behaviour, habits, physiology and private life, illustrated with delightful and amusing drawings by Guy Troughton. Keep pea netting 22-30cm (9-12”) off the ground so hedgehogs can pass safely underneath them and plants will grow up to the netting. They are found throughout Europe. Hedgehogs aren’t the best at spotting things with their eyes. They should not be kept in close captivity, but regarded as welcome visitors. Hedgehogs are one of the UK’s best-loved mammals and spend much of their lives asleep. NEVER COW’S MILK. Do keep dogs under control if you know you have hedgehogs in the garden. Are you lucky enough to have a hedgehog visiting your garden? A small ramp or slope in one corner of the pit enables the trapped animals to walk out – see BHPS leaflet ‘Ramps’. Hedgehogs are inquisitive and will try to eat almost anything, a trait that can lead to their undoing.