The Brazilian porcupine (Coendou prehensilis) is a porcupine found in Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Bolivia and Trinidad, with a single record from Ecuador.It inhabits tropical forests at elevations up to 1500 m. [2] Contents. The orange-spined hairy dwarf porcupine, S. villosus, is a porcupine species endemic to southeast Brazil with a prehensile tail (Figure 4).In this region, there has been vast degradation of their habitat, the Atlantic rain forest. Family friendly Zoo committed to inspiring visitors with wildlife and saving species. These spines are short and permanently erect in some species, such as the burrfishes of the genus Chilomycterus. The Brazilian porcupine (Coendou prehensilis) is a porcupine found in Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, French Guiana, Peru, Paraguay, Suriname, Bolivia and Trinidad, with a single record from Ecuador. Brazilian Porcupine Coendou prehensilis Brazilian Porcupine. The muscular tail is nearly as long as the body and essentially acts as a fifth limb. This species of porcupine has short thick quills, which give it a mottled appearance. “We began by researching all the literature that describes the fauna of the region, going all the way back to the first colonizers five centuries ago, and found out that many of the animals they described are extinct,” said Pontes. Notes: As of 4/2/2012: My thanks go out again to the Project Noah community for their assistance (in this case, AnnaWhipkey and MAURO have my utmost thanks). They are well known for their dangerous quills that they can come out easily upon contact with the unknown visitor. Spending most of its time in the canopy, the Brazilian porcupine is an expert climber. Tesla Becomes Part of New Lobby Group for Electric Vehicle Adoption, Tesla Vehicles Bought in California Now Eligible for $1,500 Rebate. We are excited to announce that FibromyalgiaTreating.com is now part of RedOrbit.com. Because only about two percent of the region´s original forest is still standing, the newly discovered species is already being considered endangered. The major difference between Old and New world species is that the Old World porcupines live on the ground and often in small groups, while the New World porcupine… Dens in tree branches or tangles of roots, rock crevices, brush or logs are the porcupine's home. A single porcupine can have more than 30,000 quills, which are actually sharp bristles of fused hair. The porcupine would inhabit tropical forests at elevations up to 1500 m. Large curved claws, bare soles and a prehensile tail help the large rodent grip branches as it moves through the trees. They doubt any more of these animals exist outside this small pocket of forest in Brazil. The thin-spined porcupine Chaetomys subspinosus is listed as vulnerable, losing its habitat due to cocoa plantations in northeastern Brazil. “People are responsible for logging, clear-cutting and setting fire to the forests and sometimes for hunting the porcupines themselves,” said Pontes, who has been researching the little-known swath of Atlantic Forest north of Brazil´s Sao Francisco River. Deforestation of its habitat fragments the populations in the Amazon basin, which causes the inbreeding of many species of the genus. Many people don’t know much else about them though. It shares its habitat with another, previously-known species of porcupine that roams the forest´s canopy, forcing Coendou speratus to live in the mid-canopy and feed on seeds it finds there. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. All of the same great people, writers and editors but now with more firepower. It inhabits tropical forests at elevations up to 1500 m. Spending most of its time in the canopy, the Brazilian porcupine is an expert climber. Brazilian Porcupine (Coendou prehensilis) Mammals. The information provided is no substitite for an informed medical professional. Your email address will not be published. Learn about the Different Species of Armadillo The North American porcupine is a member of the family Erethizontidae, a diverse group of rodents otherwise known as “New World porcupines”. Smell that? Cincinnati Zoo & Botanical Garden, Home of the world famous hippo Fiona. When another animal attacks the porcupine, its quills detach, burrowing into the adversary’s flesh and inflicting painful, potentially deadly wounds. Ar­bo­real Brazil­ian por­cu­pines (Co­en­dou pre­hen­silis) are neotrop­i­cal or­gan­isms found from north­ern Colom­bia east­ward through north­ern South Amer­ica and south­ward through most of the forested cis-An­dean low­lands. Brett Smith for redOrbit.com — Your Universe Online. HEIGHT/WEIGHT: 4–11 lbs Length: 1–2 ft. S. villosus spends most time up in the trees in the rain forest, only coming down to search for food or to defecate. These porcupines use their prehensile tail to grasp things, like tree branches, as they climb. Brazilian Porcupine Coendou prehensilis. the new Fibromyalgia Treating by RedOrbit! When the female comes into estrus (heat) in late fall, her scent can attract numerous suitors who may fight for hours to win her favor. 4. They occupy a diverse range of environments, but are not found any higher than 1,500 meters. Required fields are marked *. While the animal has little difficulty navigating the forest branches, its lack of jumping ability forces the porcupine to climb down and up another tree if the trees´ branches aren´t connected, according to Pontes. Behavior; Reproduction. References. Brazilian researchers said they have discovered a new species of porcupine that inhabits an isolated patch of Brazil´s Northeastern Atlantic Forest. In the others, such as those of the genus Diodon, the spines lie against the body except when the fish is inflated. Family friendly Zoo committed to inspiring visitors with wildlife and saving species. ECOLOGY. © 2002-2018 redOrbit.com. All rights reserved. The habitat of the not-so-cuddly new creature is the Brejos de Altitude forests in the mountainous Baturite Range, which is located in the Brazilian state of Ceará. They use their prehensile tails for balanceand grip when climbing, as well as for hanging. The Coendou prehensilisexists over a large geographical range, including much of northern South America and Trinidad and Tobago. Please consult an expert before taking any action. If any more of these porcupines do exist, lead researcher Antonio Rossano Mendes Pontes told the Associated Press there is little chance of cross-breeding, meaning the species gene pool is fairly small and compromised by inbreeding. Too Close for Comfort- Like all porcupines, the Brazilian porcupine defends itself with sharp quills that pierce the flesh of an intruder that comes too close. According to the team´s report in the journal Zootaxa, they dubbed the spiny rodent Coendou speratus, a reference to its local name “coandu-mirim” and the Latin word “speratus,” meaning “hope.”. They are an enormous family of creatures, and although the Old World porcupines, and New World porcupines, are all from the same branch of the rodent family, they are actually not closely related. New world porcupines live in ''the new world'', which is the western hemisphere. Porcupine fishes are short and broad-bodied, with large eyes, beaklike teeth, and skins set with spines, hence the name. Rodents make up about 40% of all the mammal species on Earth. Coendou prehensilis. They can be from 25 to 36 inches long. In general, porcupines live in just about any terrain, including deserts, grasslands, mountains, rainforests and forests. Your email address will not be published. Prehensile-tailed porcupine inhabits tropical forests from Argentina to Brazil, as well as eastern parts of Bolivia and the island of Trinidad. Some typical living environments for these solitary porcupines are desert shrublands, chaparral, mountains, grasslands, woodlands, sagebrush, swamps, tundra and thick forests -- whether deciduous, coniferous or mixed. Porcupines are lumbering, rotund rodents with needle-like spikes, called quills, covering their back, sides, and tail. RIO DE JANEIRO (AP) — A new species of tree-dwelling porcupine has been discovered in Brazil's Northeastern Atlantic Forest, one of the world's most threatened habitats, researchers said. 5 out of 5 stars (214) 214 reviews $ 10.00. Besides being home to Coendou speratus, this region of Brazil is considered to be one of the world’s greatest biodiversity hotspots. “Given the rate of destruction in this area, where 98 percent of the original Northeastern Atlantic Forest has already been destroyed, imagine how many species could have gone extinct before we even knew about them,” he said. We now have access to an enormous amount of additional research information The weig… DIET: Tweet; Description: A type of porcupine. The Brazilian porcupine (Coendou prehensilis), is a species of New World porcupine found in Brazil, Argentina, Venezuela, the Guyanas, Bolivia and Trinidad, with a single record from Ecuador. Scientists have recorded over 260 mammal species, nearly 1,000 birds, about 460 amphibians, over 300 reptiles, and 350 freshwater fish in the local ecosystem. from doctors and scientists. Discussion. Both species are also hunted as food. Rico the Brazilian Porcupine Art Print, Animals, Zoo, Cincinnati Art, Zoo Babies rewersdesigns. Other porcupine species live in Africa, Europe, and Asia. Porcupine courtship is elaborate and noisy. Habitat Of The Brazilian Porcupine You can find Brazilian porcupines in places like the Guianas, including Guyana, Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, Venezuela, Bolivia, Trinidad, and there is a single record from Ecuador. The porcupine threatened in America The destruction of the Brazilian porcupine’s habitat is the main cause of its decline, as the species is currently under threat. The muscular tail is nearly as long as the body and essentially acts as a fifth limb. Large curved claws, bare soles and a prehensile tail help the large rodent grip branches as it moves through the trees. Its ski… HABITAT: Forests, grasslands. It is adaptable to changes in its habitat and lives in tropical and sub tropical forests. 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