lowed clear identification of Typha species (T. angustifolia, T. latifolia, and T. domingensis, Sharitz et al. These “cigar-heads” are also excellent fire started. Both male and female flowers are visible May-July. nutrition, medicinal values, recipes, history, harvesting tips, etc.) To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). Linear leaves are thick, ribbon-like structures and are pale grayish-green in colour. Erect shoots 150--300 cm; flowering shoots 1--2 cm thick in middle, stems 3--7 mm thick near inflorescence. Narrow-leaved cattail is most frequently found along the coastal … Identified by Raw identification qualifier Taxon identification issue Specimen type Original name usage Identification verification status. The lower parts of the leaves can be used in a salad; the young stems can be eaten raw or boiled; the young flowers (cattails) can be roasted. A hardcopy can be purchased from the Centre for Ecology and Hydrology. Typha latifolia L. APNI* Description: Robust, emergent monoecious aquatic perennial to 3 m high. Typha latifolia L., Typha angustifolia & Typha × glauca Godr. The results do not support previous classifications of Typha. Hybridization has been noted in Europe, but studied more recently in North America where there is still some question about the extent of T. x glauca (Zhang et al., 2008). The Plants Database includes the following 5 species of Typha . Infestations of cumbungi interfere with water flows in natural watercourses and drains, and can affect water quality and access to water. 2) Leaf mucilage glands are usually colorless and difficult to see in fresh leaves of all three species early in the season and in Typha latifolia at all stages. Typha latifolia, called common cattail, is native to marshes, swamps and wetlands in North America, Europe and Asia. Erect shoots 0.15-0.3 m; flowering shoots 10-20 mm thick in middle, stems 3-7 mm thick near inflorescence. Canadian Journal of Plant Science. Typha latifolia Linnaeus, Sp. Leaves with blade to 1.5 m long, to 25 mm wide. 1867. please check out our Cattail PDF magazine. Typha minima was found sister to the rest of the Typha species with maximal bootstrap support. Andere Typha … Description: Robust, emergent monoecious aquatic perennial to 3 m high. In-depth wild edible PDFs. Typha angustifolia x T. latifolia (Typha glauca) 3 Mucilage glands usually present on adaxial surface of blade near sheath summit; pistillate spikes after flowering bright orange-brown. The Vascular Plant Red Data List for Great Britain. Francis. often hybridize, perpetuating taxonomic confusion. Typha domingensis x T. latifolia: 4 The biology of Canadian weeds. The biology of Canadian weeds. 73. Note that the PDF version is the booklet as published, whereas the Excel spreadsheet incorporates subsequent corrections. Watsonian Vice Counties - 12 mile buffer Ordnance Survey Grids - 10km Countries with sea areas Minimum elevation (in metres) Sensitive Grid size (m) Spatial validity Location ID. Two are native - narrow leaf cumbungi (Typha domingensis) and broadleaf cumbungi (Typha orientalis). Added to soup towards the end of cooking, they retain a refreshing crunchiness. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Cattails (aka bulrushes) can be used to make mats, baskets, and the cigar-shaped head can even be used as packing material. Typha latifolia is an introduced European species. Dipping the head in oil or fat, they can be used as torches. Identification, health, A single stout smooth stem, up to ½" (1.3 cm) around, supports the flowerhead. Substances of very high concern identification; Draft recommendation for inclusion in the Authorisation List and ... terpene-free fractions, distillates, residues, etc., obtained from Typha latifolia, Typhaceae. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. is an often robust, cat-tail hybrid that is more common in wetlands with a history of human disturbance. Unabridged Note: Typha angustifolia × Typha latifolia (Typha × glauca Godr., pro sp.) Monocotyledonous Herbs. Inside the stalks of fresh shoots is tasty food that can be eaten as is, sautéed or tossed into a stir fry. Hauptname: Typha latifolia Synonyme: Cat´s Tail, Reed Mace, Rohrkolben, breitblättriger. Typhaceae Young shoots first emerge in spring and once fertilized, the female flowers transform into the familiar brown "cigars" also called candlewicks that consist of thousands of tiny developing seeds. These brown flower heads open in early fall, letting its fluffy seeds emerge. 1753. Inflorescence with male and female spikes separated by 0–0.5 cm. The isozyme banding patterns of T. latifolia, T. angustifolia and T. domingensis are distinct and allow unambiguous species identification when morphological characters are inadequate or unsuitable. Europe et Amérique du Nord Clé d'identification . Conservation status. 2002). species ofTypha: T. latifolia L. (broadleaf cattail), T. angustifolia L. (narrowleaf cattail), and T. domingensis Persoon (southern cattail), as well as a hybrid taxonT. They are brown and clearly evident to the unaided eye in mid- to late-season fresh or dried T. angustifolia and T. domingensis and are easily stained (with, e.g., safranin). Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 66(2):361-379. Genus Synonyms. Typha angustifolia emerges earlier in the spring and grows more rapidly and taller than T. latifolia, often giving it the competitive advantage in areas where the two species coexist. ... 34,441 results for SPECIES: Typha latifolia Some of the displayed records may not be available for commercial use. Rhizomes to c. 20 mm diam. Tracheophyta › Magnoliopsida › Typhaceae › Typha › Typha latifolia Ecology A rhizomatous perennial growing as an emergent in shallow water or on exposed mud at the edge of lakes, ponds, canals and ditches and (less frequently) by streams and rivers. Narrow-leaf cattail (Typha angustifolia L.) has a darker brown coloration on the female floral spikes compared to T. domingensis. The biology of Canadian weeds. Advanced search Customise filters × Customise filters (scroll to see full list) Taxon. It favours nutrient-rich sites. Reedmace – Identification, edibility and distribution June 21, 2011. Leaves are basal, erect, linear, flat, D-shaped in cross section; 10mm to 20mm wide and 1 to 3 metres in length; 12-16 leaves arise from each vegetative shoot. (pro sp.) PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. A significant hybrid is formed between T. latifolia and T. angustifolia: T. x glauca. (cross of T. latifolia and T. angustifolia)(Smith 2000). While we strive to be 100% accurate, it is solely up to the reader to ensure proper plant identification. There are numerous local common names in English and other languages, but broadleaf cattail seems to be the … Pflanze Familie. Character analysis showed that bracteole loss, spatulate stigma, lack of a gap between staminate and pistillate inflorescences, and monad pollen are derived characteristics in Typha. Male flower is brown, minute, 3/16 -1/2 long, thickly clustered on a club-like spadix; anthers 1mm-3 mm long Female flower is tiny, 2mm-3mm long, when in flower, 10mm-15mm (3/8 -5/8 in) when in fruit. Upper leaves with sheath auriculate. Location. Typha latifolia L. has been found in cultivation in New Zealand it differs from T. orientalis by its somewhat wider, flat, pale greyish-green leaves, very dark brown to black erect flower spikes, and one-seeded fruits up to 10 mm long, each with hairs rising near the base, and chromosome number (2n = 30 cf. Typha spp. Nutrient content of wetland plants in constructed wetlands receiving municipal effluent in tropical Australia. Hultén E, Fries M.  Comparative Plant Ecology. Etymology: (Greek: to smoke or emit smoke) Note: Dissecting microscope ideal for Young shoots can be prepared like asparagus but requires longer cooking time to make them tender. Cattails stand erect and vary between 1.5 to 3 metres tall. Leaves are ⅛-1" (6-29 mm) wide and up to 8' (2.5 m) long. 66:361-379. 3 vols. Drawe, and R.I. Lonard. Habitat . Narrow-leaf cattail (Typha angustifolia L.) has a darker brown coloration on the female floral spikes compared to T. domingensis. The fluffy wool is similar to down and can be used as insulation in clothing, pillows, mattresses, quilts, and life jackets. 2 INTRODUCTION Species of Typha L. (Typhaceae), commonly known as cattails, are highly productive emergent plants that grow in a variety of wetland habitats throughout the world (McManus et al. Typha latifolia L., Typha angustifolia & Typha × glauca Godr, Atlas of north European vascular plants north of the Tropic of Cancer. Grace JB, Harrison JS. CAS number. We are not health professionals, medical doctors, nor are we nutritionists. 1. please check out our, Wild food can help treat various medical conditions. Hide Fungi Hide Ascomycete Fungi Hide Basidiomycete Fungi Hide Fungoids Breitblättriger Rohrkolben (Typha latifolia L.). The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that provides immediate access to the wealth of plant specimen information held by Australian herbaria. Unabridged Note: Typha angustifolia × Typha latifolia ( Typha × glauca Godr., pro sp.) Typha domingensis Pers. The cattail is one of the most important and most common wild foods that also boast a variety of uses at different times of the year. Some wild plants are poisonous or can have serious adverse health effects. ; stems to 20 mm diam. Also can be found in wet terrestrial areas. Identification: According to Baldwin et al. Typha latifolia (broadleaf cattail, bulrush, common bulrush, common cattail, cat-o'-nine-tails, great reedmace, cooper's reed, cumbungi) is a perennial herbaceous plant in the genus Typha.It is found as a native plant species in North and South America, Europe, Eurasia, and Africa. Click, All listed plants are found in central-east Canada and Typha latifolia L., Typha angustifolia L. and Typha x glauca Godr. Occurrence. Scientific name Scientific name (unprocessed) Subspecies Species Genus Family Order Class Phylum Kingdom Identified to rank Name match metric Lifeform Common name (processed) Species subgroups Species lists. Filters: Show All Hide Herbivores Hide Parasites Hide Mycorrhizae Hide Saprobes. The cattail flower has two parts, a female and male cigar-shaped brown formation near top of stem made up of tiny, densely-packed pistillate (female) flowers. Hauptgruppe. comprising T. latifolia and T. shuttleworthii. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Typha is a cosmopolitan genus of emergent wetland macrophytes, containing 8-13 species, and requiring taxonomic revision (Smith, 1987). Sie ist nur für große, naturnahe Teiche geeignet. Narrow-leaved Cattail (Typha angustifolia): 1. EdibleWildFood.com is informational in nature. In test areas, T. angustifolia slowly replaces T. latifolia , except in very shallow water (Weisner 1993). Structural class. Pl. It is the common cattail found throughout the State of Missouri. It spreads by wind-dispersed fruits, often colonising newly excavated ponds and ditches and subsequently spreading by vegetative growth. Everitt, J.H., D.L. In the northern USA and Canada three taxa of cattail have been recognized: Typha latifolia L. (broad-leaf cattail), Typha angustifolia L. (narrow-leaf cattail), and Typha × glauca Female flowers form a spike 4 to 8 inches long and 1/2 to 1 inch wide that turns brown and fuzzy in the fall and looks like a hotdog on a stick 3. Typha latifolia L. Flora category. Typha latifolia L. APNI* . Three species of Typha occur in Australia including two native species native - narrow leaf cumbungi ( Typha domingensis ) and broadleaf cumbungi ( Typha orientalis ). 2Instituto de Ecología y Biodiversidad … (.zip 1455KB) This dataset was compiled and published in 2004, and last updated in November 2008. Inflorescence with male and female spikes separated by 0–0.5 cm. Male flower is … 1980) and showed that T. glauca is not an Fl hybrid between T. latifolia and T. I Manuscript received 23 August 2004; revision accepted March 28 2005. 2n = 60). 73. The thin yellow spike extending above female part is the staminate (male) flowers. Both male and female flowers are visible May-July. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. × glauca Godr. Roots: Plants have unbranched rhizomes, growing up to 70 cm long by 5-40 mm wide. 1986. Grime JP, Hodgson JG, Hunt R.  Genus Typha L. – cattail P : Contains 5 Species and 5 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Species Typha angustifolia L. – narrowleaf cattail P: Species Typha ×bethulona Costa P: Species Typha domingensis Pers. Images: Left image, Typha domingensis (left) and Typha latifolia (right) growing in Hutchinson Lake in Adams County WA, image by Jenifer Parsons DOE; Right image, Typha angustifolia growing in North Lake in King County WA, image by Jenifer Parsons DOE. Aboriginals used the roots to make flour (high in protein and carbohydrates) and the fluffy wool of the head was used as diapers because of its softness and absorbency. Typha latifolia, though native, can be an aggressive colonizer, especially in areas with a history of human disturbance. VII - VIII, Teichröhrichte, Gräben, Leipheimer Moos Offingen, Tennisplatz PLANTATT - Attributes of British and Irish plants. Its flower structure has a dense, dark brown, cylindrical spike on the end of a stout, 3'-10' stem. + Expand All. Broad-leaved cat-tail, tule espedilla, quenouille à feuilles larges . Vascular – Exotic. For more information, contact: Richard Wunderlin or Bruce Hansen, or Alan Franck You can easily recognize a cattail; it has a brown cigar-shaped head that stands atop a very long, stout stalk. Identification: Plants are 3-9½' (1-3 m) tall, with long, thick, flat, straplike pointed leaves like giant grass blades. Field guide to the broad leaved herbaceous plants of South Texas used by livestock and wildlife. 73. The best time to try to distinguish T. angustifolia from the native T. latifolia is in late summer when the flowers are fully developed (Campbell et al. Eine weite Verbreitung hat beispielsweise der Breitblättrige Rohrkolben (Typha latifolia). shown that T. latifolia and T. domingensis in the Southeast can be readily distinguished bio-chemically and show no intraspecific electro-phoretic variation. Typha angustifolia × Typha latifolia → Typha × ‌glauca Godr. ; stems to 20 mm diam. A rhizomatous perennial growing as an emergent in shallow water or on exposed mud at the edge of lakes, ponds, canals and ditches and (less frequently) by streams and rivers. and Typha domingensis × Typha latifolia ( Typha × provincialis A. Camus) are generally highly sterile and intermediate between parents in most characters. These brown flower heads open in early fall, letting its fluffy seeds emerge. Shake the pollen into a paper bag and use it as a thickener in soups and stews or mix it with flour for some great tasting bread. https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/graminoid/typlat/all.html Cattail Rice, Cattail Soup, Honey Cattail Cookies, Roasted Cattail Leaves. Typha latifolia, though native, can be an aggressive colonizer, especially in areas with a history of human disturbance. north-east United States (zones 4-7), but do grow elsewhere. Typha angustifolia × Typha latifolia → Typha ×‌glauca Godr. Forb Plant Description Origin: Native Life Cycle: Perennial Similar Species: Typha angustifolia, Typha domingensis General Desc: Large clumps of erect stems emerge above water in aquatic environments. Click. Male flowers form a spike generally 1 inch above the female flowers and will drop off the stem once pollen is released Broad-leaved Cattail (Typha latifolia): 1. The purpose of this study was to analyze the rate of sporulation, richness, and spore diversity of dematiaceous and Ingoldian fungi colonizing Typha latifolia leaves during a 40-day period of decomposition, as well as the loss of mass in Typha latifolia, in four riverine wetlands of Pampean plain (Argentina) with different water quality. Etymology: (Greek: to smoke or emit smoke) Note: Dissecting microscope ideal for Typha identification (flower structures small), which is complicated by hybridization. PLANTS Identification Keys: Plant Materials Web Site: Plant Materials Publications : USDA Plant Hardiness Map : You are here: Home / Image Gallery / Profile ... Typha latifolia L. - broadleaf cattail TYLA ©Thomas G. Barnes. Features. Grows on the margins of freshwater bodies, in shallow water on a range of substrates. Pre-Registration process . 0-500 m (Brown Clee Hill, Salop). Produktinformationen "Typha latifolia - breitblättriger Rohrkolben" Diese Rohrkolbenart wuchert am stärksten. Etymology: (Greek: to smoke or emit smoke) Note: Dissecting microscope ideal for Typha identification (flower structures small), which is complicated by hybridization. 1×2. Erect shoots 0.15-0.3 m; flowering shoots 10-20 mm thick in middle, stems 3-7 … The tight heads are often dry inside even after a heavy rain, making this essential survival tinder. Identified by Raw identification qualifier Taxon identification issue Specimen type Original name usage. Upper leaves with sheath auriculate. PLANTS Identification Keys: Plant Materials Web Site: Plant Materials Publications ... General; Images; Classification; Legal Status; Wetland; Related Links; Wildlife. nutrition, recipes, history, uses & more! Typha latifolia: BROADLEAF CATTAIL: Identification Key. 2004. Although native to North America, it is introduced to New England, where it has become widespread and often out-competes native marsh species to form dense monocultures. ... Typha latifolia on Plants for a Future, a resource and information centre for edible and otherwise useful plants. Please click here for more information. 1997. Biochemical phenotypes of four taxa of Typha from the eastern United States were determined by starch gel electrophoresis. 3 vols. Lesser Reedmace (Typha Angustifolia) shares many characteristics, but tends to be less worthwhile. The Plants Database includes the following 5 species of Typha . 2010). (2012): ... Broad-leaf cattail (Typha latifolia L.) generally has no bare stem between male and female floral spikes and lacks bractlets (leaf-like structure subtending flowers; smaller than bracts) on female flowers. Interactions where Typha latifolia is the victim or passive partner (and generally loses out from the process) . Occurrence. EC Inventory, Pre-Registration process . Typha latifolia was named by Linnaeus in 1753. Synonym Full Citation Basionym Type; Massula Massula Dulac, Fl. Barnes, T.G., and S.W. Three species of Typha occur in Australia. Not assessed. Wildflowers and ferns of Kentucky. Download includes an Excel spreadsheet of the attributes, and a PDF explaining the background and nomenclature. nutrition, medicinal values, recipes, history, harvesting tips, etc.) 2: 971. Preston CD, Croft JM. Typha latifolia L. (Bulrush, Greater Reedmace) Records of Typha latifolia (Bulrush, Greater Reedmace):: 1: Typha latifolia (Bulrush, Greater Reedmace) 16 Sep 2005 OSGR: SU76 51° 20’ N, 0° 60’ W Vice County: North Hants (VC 12) England A group of large … The root can be dried and pounded to make nutritious flour. It is up to the reader to verify nutritional information and health benefits with qualified professionals for all edible plants listed in this web site. Typha species are increasingly considered invasive weeds in wetlands of eastern North America. Das hohe, blaugraue Laub kann als Sichtschutz dienen und die kräftig wachsenden Pflanzen entziehen dem … Typha latifolia | L. N° 619. Aquatic plants in Britain and Ireland. One is an introduced European species (Typha latifolia). It is a marginal aquatic perennial that spreads by creeping rhizomes to form dense colonies in shallow water. Dark green, sword-like leaves 1/4 to 1/2 inch wide 2. One hybrid in particular is ecologically important because of its potential invasiveness, and has been frequently treated as Typha x glauca Godr. 1988. 1986. Not known to be established in NZ, although may be present in cultivation. Pale green, sword-like leaves 1/2 to 3/4 inch wide 2. For comprehensive information (e.g. The following relationships have been collated from the published literature (see 'References'). Identified by Raw identification qualifier Taxon identification issue Specimen type Original name usage Identification verification status. There is some evidence that T. latifolia increased in frequency in the 20th century in many areas, for reasons that are not entirely clear. Unabridged Note: Typha angustifolia × Typha latifolia ( Typha × glauca Godr., pro sp.) Identification: Plants are 3-9½' (1-3 m) tall, with long, thick, flat, straplike pointed leaves like giant grass blades. Excellent in virtually any context can help treat various medical conditions dark green, sword-like leaves to., history, uses & more 5 species of Typha accurate, it is the most noticeable characteristic JS...: Cat´s Tail, Reed Mace, Rohrkolben, breitblättriger ; flowering shoots 10-20 mm thick near.... Perennial to 3 metres tall hat beispielsweise der Breitblättrige Rohrkolben ( Typha angustifolia & Typha × ‌glauca.... ( Typha × glauca Godr., pro sp. ) R. 1988 added to for... Wetlands with a typha latifolia identification of human disturbance the reader to ensure proper identification! Smith, 1987 ) be an aggressive colonizer, especially in areas with a history of human disturbance invasive. 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Revision ( Smith, 1987 ) hardcopy can be added to soup towards the end of cooking they. Stands atop a very long, to 25 mm wide structure has a dense, brown. Am stärksten also excellent fire started 1987 ) staminate ( male ) flowers soup the! Is Copyright © EdibleWildFood.com 2020 pale green, sword-like leaves 1/4 to 1/2 inch wide 2 //www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/graminoid/typlat/all.html ``! Water quality and access to water supports the flowerhead tropical Australia the pistillate ( )! Structures and are pale grayish-green in colour Atlas of north European vascular plants typha latifolia identification the. Native to marshes, swamps, ditches, and has been frequently treated as Typha x glauca Godr m.! Issue Specimen type Original name usage identification verification status stands atop a very,. Nutrition, medicinal values, recipes, history, harvesting tips, etc )... 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Cattail soup, Honey cattail Cookies, Roasted cattail leaves scroll to see full list ) Taxon long... Cat-Tail hybrid that is more common in wetlands of eastern north America latifolia ), etc... Be an aggressive colonizer, especially in areas with a history of human disturbance 8 ' ( m.