0000008893 00000 n 6th ed. And search more of iStock's library of royalty-free stock images that features Agricultural Field … In clover …are red clover (Trifolium pratense), white clover (T. repens), and alsike clover (T. hybridum). Böcher, T. W. 1978. White clover is one of the most widely-grown forage legume crops in the world. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. macrorrhizum Boiss. Description . [30] However, problems do not inevitably arise with grazing on monocultures of white clover, and superior ruminant production is sometimes achieved on white clover monocultures managed to optimize sward height. "Bloat incidence and liveweight gain in beef cattle on pastures containing different proportions of white clover (, Crush, J. R., and J. R. Caradus. The heads are generally 1.5–2 centimetres (0.6–0.8 in) wide, and are at the end of 7-cm (2.8-in) peduncles or inflorescence stalks. Leaves and roots develop along the stolon at the nodes. [41], Trifolium means 'trefoil' (three-lobed leaves); this is Pliny’s name for trifoliate plants. perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne). Correa A., M.D., C. Galdames & M. Stapf. Description. [citation needed] They are not easy for humans to digest raw, however, but this is easily fixed by boiling the harvested plants for 5–10 minutes. 1985. x�bbd`b``Ń3�%U@� l! Kentucky. 0000055881 00000 n "Altervista Flora Italiana, Trifoglio strisciante, Weißklee, vitklöver, "Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: Trifolium repens", http://www2.ca.uky.edu/agc/pubs/agr/agr93/agr93.htm, http://extension.psu.edu/plants/crops/forages/species/white-clover, "Competition for pollinators and intra-communal spectral dissimilarity of flowers", "Experimental evidence for the ancestry of allotetraploid Trifolium repens and creation of synthetic forms with value for plant breeding", "Hybridization and Introgression between Two Diploid Wild Relatives of White Clover, Trifolium nigrescens Viv. Cambridge University Press. Spherical seedhead Leaves: trifoliate, leaflets oval or heart shape may have light crescent mark on upper side. The infusion of plant flower is … 0000004495 00000 n Stipules short, needle-point on bluntish end. 0000014990 00000 n 0 White clover establishment and management guide. Plant Characteristics Root System - Seeding plant develops several small short tap roots. White clover, a low creeping perennial, is often used in lawn-grass mixtures and bears a white… }J��:��`��d���ǒ�nE/x+a���W�ar�`�&N%Z�6"����Z�E0B���U���#���Ce����˴��-�C@}���ۢӹc�l�nge����>s����*@��˷�]���5�wy�S�DU+Q��ж�8[Zi X|R�{�r�حW�(�O�mհ9J�e�'gefC�8�R�����}.ߴu$����Q���0��Oi��\?X5k� ��� �+���פ2���;��7���ZZc$'�` �V�� Download this White Clover Wild Flower In Midwest Usa Meadow photo now. Description Trifolium repens,L, white clover, is a perennial legume that originated in Europe and has become one of the most widely distributed legumes in the world. [40], In India, T. repens is considered a folk medicine against intestinal helminthic worms, and an experimental in-vivo study validated that the aerial shoots of T. repens bear significant anticestodal properties. Known occurrences, collected specimens and observations of white clover. 1993. Richard H. Uva, Joseph C. Neal and Joseph M. Ditomaso, Elgersma, Anjo, and Jan Hassink. 0000007059 00000 n White, ladino and sweet clover. "Sward composition, animal performance and the potential production of grass/white clover swards continuously stocked with sheep." A major factor in this decline is that growers find it difficult to get consistent yields from white clover… Description Stamina White Clover is an excellent addition to pastures and even hayfields. Clover is the common name given to a group of approximately 300 leguminous plants in the genus Trifolium, in the family Fabaceae. Marticorena, C. & M. Quezada. White Cloud Crimson Clover Description White Cloud Crimson Clover is the only white-flowered Trifolium incarnatum cultivar in the U.S., if not the world. [15] The leaves form the symbol known as shamrock. The heads are generally 1.5–2 centimetres (0.6–0.8 in) wide, and are at the end of 7-cm (2.8-in) peduncles or inflorescence stalks. ��i��ŏS�R�EO. Henning, J. C. and H. N. Wheaton. Description. [15] As a leguminous and hardy plant, it is considered to be a beneficial component of natural or organic pasture management and lawn care due to its ability to fix nitrogen and out-compete weeds. Trifolium repens, white or Dutch clover, is a perennial abundant in meadows and good pastures.The flowers are white or pinkish, becoming brown and deflexed as the corolla fades. 137 34 2004. The plant takes root from the stolons at nodes along the stems when they come in contact with the soil. Univ. Checklist of the Vascular Plants of the Northwest Territories Canada i–viii, 1–607. White Dutch Clover will grow vigorously even in poor clay subsoil like the kind that might surround the construction of a new home. "The digestion of perennial ryegrass (, Evans, D. R., and T. A. Williams. Ladino clover, is a large form of white clover, originated near Lodi in the Po River Valley in northern Italy. White clover is a relatively low growing legume that spreads by stolons and can tolerate close grazing. It is low growing, with heads of whitish flowers, often with a tinge of pink or cream that may come on with the aging of the plant. endstream endobj 153 0 obj<>stream [31] Formononetin and biochanin A play a role in arbuscular mycorrhiza formation on white clover roots,[32] and foliar disease can stimulate production of estrogenic coumestans in white clover. Description White or ladino clover is a long-lived perennial that spreads by creeping above ground stems or stolons that root at the nodes. It can be found growing naturally from the Arctic Circle to all parts of the temperate regions of the world. Plant and Soil 253, no. It is native to Europe, including the British Isles,[3] and central Asia and is one of the most widely cultivated types of clover. [18] [19][20][21] Additionally, it is possible that one of the diploid ancestors has yet to be analyzed, either because it has not been discovered or is extinct.[22]. 0000012320 00000 n H��UMo�0��W�h�+)�E����v0�C��c+�6�*,�A��GR��nI1���V����'��2�rE�BA���e The fresh plants have been used for centuries as additives to salads and other meals consisting of leafy vegetables. As a result, it has been sown on most farmed land in New Zealand at some time in the past. White Clover (Trifolium repens) Description: This herbaceous perennial plant is about 6" tall, branching from the base. White clover invades agricultural land and other disturbed sites. White clover is commonly grown in mixtures with forage grasses, e.g. <<36D7C7DECF4D5346BC3D5E7401DDD994>]>> x�b```�- R��A��bl,'n�30�: �:vΟ��B#�*�K�>��G�R���� i 6FAS -Ě`~�o�+�W}0Lj����8�9��ӄ4�+�50�S�~`d�4iʎ/�%�-O+x��33�1�c(`��$��@�������I���]@� ���X��Q�����\l�/S�$/�V������`R0 �)1� Trifolium hybridum, alsike or Swedish clover, is a perennial which was introduced early in the 19th century and has now become naturalized in Britain.The flowers are white or rosy, and resemble those of Trifolium repens. Plant: rhizomatous, prostrate perennial with stolons from crown rooting at nodes. startxref Ulyatt, M. J., D. J. Thomson, D. E. Beever, R. T. Evans, and M. J. Haines. Almost always, a white clover will be trifoliolate. prostratum Nyman (Western Clover) Trifolium repens var. The flowering heads are borne on long stalks arising … "Nitrogen fixation in perennial forage legumes in the field." [15] It is often added to lawn seed mixes, as it is able to grow and provide green cover in poorer soils where turfgrasses do not perform well. [23] Symbiotic nitrogen fixation (up to 545 kg N per hectare per year,[24] although usually much less, e.g. Rasnake, M., G. D. Lacefield, J. C. Henning, N. L. Taylor and D. C. Ditsch. Clover species are generally small and are usually trifoliate (leaves possess three leaflets) although some species possess five or seven leaflets. From the stems, trailing along the surface of the ground, are developed upright leaves and flower-hearing heads, both provided with long stalks. White clover contains a higher amount of minerals than grass in general but concentrations of specific minerals are affected by a number of factors. >Z�>Q���f�g�dZޡr��VI$��$yR��e�!rrl%��ز�)\���8�����S��b�t�N��0,�y�*�tx�~��,�������J�+��|&��;ƛrI��/j�s����I�2�T�c&���X����x��hz��v8����7n�6q��6ի`T,�'����М_��;0L�Ùx{B�����Y%�R��`��J�W ��ZT�Ao|��uSƵ���>�&�\mn�ڏ0;��Xc#j����� ~�z=�q����鮟y>����x��4���l���V. 0000004738 00000 n ���1� ������>r�v���!�"�P����eЃ�-�ִÆ��������� 0000025635 00000 n [36] For these reasons, it is often used as a green manure and cover crop. The white clover content in the sward is obviously very variable, depending on many factors such as fertilization, grazing or cutting, grazing management etc. 0000002863 00000 n zH{�e�R�H)'p���K��0���R\���R�_��K��v��=����Nn� ����+�]��iY�A9�� �� White clover, a low creeping perennial, is often used in lawn-grass mixtures and bears a white flower head often tinged with pink. "Effects of white clover (. Addition of white clover to pastures will increase daily dry matter intake in livestock. 0000005320 00000 n The tincture of leaves is used as an ointment for Gout. Description White clover (Trifolium repens L.) is a creeping, herbaceous, perennial legume that spreads by means of a branched network of stolons (Ecocrop, 2011; FAO, 2011). h=�;��ⳡ- ��GB��9Ή�b���4�YД=nz #hG[5�ׄ��u�A��^i��ۙ�������w����f��������-�puu}�k���(H(�3����Dr White clover. and Warburg., E.F. 1968. The stems function as stolons, so white clover often forms mats, with the stems creeping as much as 18 cm (7.1 in) a year, and rooting at the nodes. 3 (1990): 325-336. 0000003202 00000 n [26][27][28] Such mixtures can not only optimize livestock production, but can also reduce the bloat risk to livestock that can be associated with excessive white clover in pastures. about 110 to 170 kg N per hectare per year[25]) in root nodules of white clover obviates synthetic nitrogen fertilizer use for maintaining productivity on much temperate zone pasture land. It generally has a prostrate, stoloniferous growth habit. Description: A perennial legume with most growth in spring, summer and autumn. The stems function as stolons, so whit… AGR-93. Pharmaceutical Biology 42: 656–658. The second year the flowers are developed and the seed formed, and after ripening the seed the plant dies. 2003. 0000055398 00000 n Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares de Panamá 1–599. Botanical description: White Clover is a perennial which in its natural state grows in patches. 0000000016 00000 n Based on the account by Duke (1981), white clover usually behaves as a perennial, but it performs as an annual in warm climates and a biennial in cold. 1980. The year the seed germinates, only short leaves and stems are produced and no flowers. Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Panamá. +h!.r� �W�)��/�@^�V�����a�e�2�B�}��Q=�>��A�7C5��n��R*!�Iy��L�� Anticestodal activity of Trifolium repens extract. It generally has a prostrate, stoloniferous growth habit. White clover can tolerate close grazing but persists best if allowed a period to recover. H�tT�n�0��+�H�"�zA��I�M� "The physical digestion of perennial ryegrass (, Wolfe, E. C., and Alec Lazenby. An infusion made from the plant treats Cough, Fever, Cold and Leucorrhoea. [39] Dried white clover flowers may also be smoked as a herbal alternative to tobacco. 0000006172 00000 n Found in a Crimson Clover production field and subjected to six cycles of intense recurrent phenotypic selection, White Cloud is truly white with white seeds. 0000004987 00000 n Leafy variety with big leaves that are compatible with tall fescues, orchardgrasses, timothy, ryegrass, red clover, and alfalfa. View this species on GBIF cc-by-nc-sa-3.0 white clover includes 8 children: Trifolium repens L. (white clover) Trifolium repens ssp. Red clover, a biennial, or short-lived perennial, bears an oval purplish flower head about 2.5 cm (1 inch) in diameter. [citation needed]. It is a large leaf clover, very high in protein, vitamins, and minerals. 2 (2003): 353-372. [42], Repens means 'creeping' or 'stoloniferous'.[42]. 0000063677 00000 n 556 pp. ��X��nx��=#ְ�);�U��n7� t�c0�����L�0�L^���+���R��E1'��������8�i�O���PQǸRx����ۣ [18] In order to increase genetic diversity for breeding, research is focused on finding these ancestors. 0000063491 00000 n In 1996 NZ produced almost 50% (5,000MT) of the world’s clover seed. 0000009833 00000 n Blackwell Publishing. [38] Native Americans ate some species raw. White clover is found throughout the United States. xref "The pastoral significance, adaptive characteristics, and grazing value of white clover (, Caradus, J. R. "Genetic diversity within white clover (, Yadav, A. K. 2004. Red Clover RED CLOVER (Trifolium pratense L.) Botanical description: Red Clover is mainly biennial. Mature Plant Description. Smooth, hairless Flowers: 30-40 white/seedhead; dense clusters on long stalk; globe shaped to 2.5 cm diameter; pale pink/white, fade to brown Pods: small, oblong pods containing 3-4 seeds Seeds:brown/yellow; egg/hear… F4 %�/�TB�n�IHq��P>y�b�Ǣ�M���O��E�"ڗb����\������g����=�cx �TܷV� n�:���UK,��˯�d��i����_�t���u�rS7�x[g�AQ)$y$YQP��X����0�(;�8.�`�~��`�=�;? "The Names of Plants". 0000001928 00000 n It is native in Europe and Central Asia, ubiquitous throughout the British Isles,[17][3] introduced in North America, South Africa, New Zealand, Japan and elsewhere, and globally cultivated as a forage crop. Description and Adaptation of White Clover (Trifolium repens) Origin First cultivated in northern Europe. �&����t�in�v,�IS�d��\�Te,јe�sB5r�FQű���?��m1� Greenlands Flora 326 pp. 0000010761 00000 n No part of this periodical may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. 0000001303 00000 n Barnes, R. F., C. J. Nelson, M. Collins, and K. J. Moore (eds.). [33] However, while there have been a few reports of phytoestrogenic effects of white clover on grazing ruminants,[33] these have been far less common than such reports regarding some varieties of subterranean and red clover. National Museum of Natural Sciences, Ottawa. Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Chile. It is a herbaceous, perennial plant. Carlsson, G., and K. Huss-Danell. In warmer areas, it may behave as a summer growing annual. Thus it is commonly found in land which is now used for horticulture where is often no longer wanted, and thus is considered a weed. Duchen, P. & S. G. Beck. Permission for printing and for reprinting the material contained herein has been obtained by the publisher", Mother Earth News, Masanobu Fukuoka 'One-Straw Revolution', Cyanogenesis in White Clover - video and commentary, Root nodules of White Clover - video and commentary, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Trifolium_repens&oldid=994087862, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, National symbols of the Republic of Ireland, Articles with dead external links from July 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 01:37. The leaves are composed of three leaflets, which may or may not have a “crescent” or “water mark” on the upper surface. 0000011600 00000 n "Cyanogenesis potential and iodine concentration in white clover (. However, one can, but only rarely, possess four leaflets. Gayana, Botánica 42: 1–157. Univ. Additional short fine roots arise at the nodes of trailing stems which %%EOF 0000001480 00000 n Natural nitrogen fixing reduces leaching from the soil and by maintaining soil health can reduce the incidence of some lawn diseases that are enhanced by the availability of synthetic fertilizer. 2012. 0000008760 00000 n The leaves are composed of three leaflets, which may or may not have a “crescent” or “water mark” on the upper surface. Gledhill, David (2008). 0000000994 00000 n White Clover plant is considered Depurative, Tonic and Antirheumatic. 1. Forages: an introduction to grassland agriculture. White clover grows well as a companion plant among lawns, grain crops, pasture grasses, and vegetable rows. Weed Description A perennial with trifoliate leaves, stems that root at the nodes, and white flowers. 2004. White clover is best suited to soils which have good moisture holding ability. Seed Characteristics Grass and Forage Science 45, no. w�E��1Ų���3xi� �s=��jef�4���bf�_��䁊�k\�jED�i@�7���JD�/)�oj��aEC`@���F��>��3Ɣ��ȭ%��9�[ܰ4�lUi����T�+/%;��J.�F(J��0,33�h��f�7�b�4��B�~�g���m�#E�h�9'Q�pWH���O9p2ہ��d�v@f����Y�0���ʭ��H�t��d���_��Ts�~���z���B�^Tjܞ��)�����g�J������� ��Zc�me��h7������p=s��&ؠ�bP�|iLjI�0�0 ��> Trifolium repens, white clover, is a perennial legume that originated in Europe and has become one of the most widely distributed legumes in the world. G4639. White clover is a cool-season perennial with a prostrate, stoloniferous growth form, 5 to 8 inches long. The term 'white clover' is applied to the species in general, 'Dutch clover' is often applied to intermediate varieties (but sometimes to smaller varieties), and 'ladino clover' is applied to large varieties.[11][12][13][14]. White clover content. %PDF-1.4 %���� White clover is a creeping perennial broadleaf plant. of Georgia Extension. Seedlings The leaves are composed of three leaflets, which may or may not have a 137 0 obj <> endobj Excellent yield and persistence for a long haul clover. Territorial Seed Description: Trifolium repens – Growing to only 8 inches, this low perennial clover has a growth habit similar to White Dutch Clover but will stand drought conditions better, is more vigorous, and tolerates a wide range of soils. The leaves have 3 oval and finely serrated leaflets each with a lighter green ‘new moon’ shape half way down each leaflet, like a … Some stolons may be buried. The stems are creeping and root at the joints. It improves forage quality above a pure grass stand and supplies nitrogen for grass growth. It has been widely introduced worldwide as a forage crop, and is now also common in most grassy areas (lawns and gardens) of North America and New Zealand. However, this figure has been decreasing over the last decade and is now around 27%. Stems:smooth, hairless. 0000055620 00000 n It provides high quality feed for animals, it fixes nitrogen because it is a legume, and it is tolerant of grazing and trampling. Besides making an excellent forage crop for livestock,[37] its leaves and flowers are a valuable survival food: they are high in proteins, and are widespread and abundant. endstream endobj 169 0 obj<>/Size 137/Type/XRef>>stream 5 (1995): 1509-1515. Porsild, A. E. & W. Cody. The most commonly cultivated is white clover, Trifolium repens. Product Description Clover is a valuable, fast-growing grass aid when getting a new lawn started or when overseeding an existing lawn. White clover is a low-growing forage legume used predominantly in pasture mixtures with grasses. Penn State University Extension. Species of flowering plant in the bean family Fabaceae, Companion planting, green manure, and cover crops. It is low growing, with heads of whitish flowers, often with a tinge of pink or cream that may come on with the aging of the plant. Revista de la Sociedad Boliviana de Botánica 6(1): 13–51. New Phytologist 118, no. White clover is often planted in pasture and forage mixes but also occurs as a weed of lawns, turfgrass, landscapes, and orchards. "Stimulation of vesicular‐arbuscular mycorrhizal formation and growth of white clover by flavonoid compounds." A single plant has thus the faculty of spreading over a wide area. 0000003999 00000 n It has a prostrate, stoloniferous growth habit. Andrae, John. 0000007908 00000 n It is quite tolerant of traffic and a natural spreader. 0000063260 00000 n Suited to a wide range of soils, being relatively tolerant of acidic soils. [29] Such species mixtures also tend to avoid issues that could otherwise be associated with cyanogenic glycoside (linamarin and lotaustralin) intake on pure or nearly pure stands of some white clover varieties. It is commonly found in turf where its … Description Trifolium repens, white clover, is a perennial legume that originated in Europe and has become one of the most widely distributed legumes in the world. White clover has been described as the most important forage legume of the temperate zones. Description White clover (Trifolium repens) is a perennial with creeping stems rooting at some nodes. endstream endobj 152 0 obj<>stream [4][5][6][7][8][9][10] The species includes varieties often classed as small, intermediate and large, according to height, which reflects petiole length. A new intermediate- type white clover with high stolen density helping it spread aggressively and rootdown avoiding hoof and grazing pressure. The leaves are trifoliolate, smooth, elliptic to egg-shaped and long-petioled and usually with light or dark markings. Anticestodal activity of. 170 0 obj<>stream Journal of Animal Science 73, no. trailer H��T�r�0��+p��HJ������v�d�ԍ5�����-�xI%������l�ɡ^Hp��ǟ"�+XVB�Jj�t�cP��R�FJim!�2�O%��D�8˒P�t#�����N|�Dz^-�i ����E�� Several species are cultivated specifically for fodder. U. Missouri Extension. The flowers are mostly visited by bumblebees and often by honey bees. Initially, it produces several compound leaves from a short stem that grows only a little, after which this stem rapidly elongates and becomes up to 1' long. Trifolium repens, the white clover[2] (also known as Dutch clover, Ladino clover, or Ladino), is a herbaceous perennial plant in the bean family Fabaceae (previously referred to as Leguminosae). Except for deserts, it is found throughout California, to about 4900 feet (about 1500 m). "The effect of cutting and grazing managements on dry matter yield of white clover varieties (, Moseley, G., and J. R. Jones. Useful species on infertile land (provided the soil is well fertilised with phosphorus and sulphur). Description. Vol. 0000001769 00000 n White clover, found throughout the United States, is a shallow rooted winter perennial legume which spreads by stolons or above ground runners. Growing white clover in Kentucky. It is adapted to a wide range of soils and climates and is grown for forage from Florida to the northeastern United States. White Clover is abundant throughout the grassland, pastures and meadows of Scotland, it has a creeping habit with rooting stems, and the trefoil leaves common to all clovers. When teddered, Stamina White Clover has proven to cure. The species name, repens, is Latin for "creeping". White clover is widely adapted. Alsike clover, a perennial species sometimes called Swedish clover, or Alsatian clover, bears globular rosy-pink flower heads. White clover can tolerate close mowing and grazing, and it can grow on many different types and pHs of soil (although it prefers clay soils). Siqueira, J. O., G. R. Safir, and M. G. Nair. 0000004459 00000 n Trifolium repens is a tetraploid (4n=32) with two diploid ancestors. Taxonómico de las Leguminosas del Parque Nacional area natural de Manejo Integrado ( PN-ANMI ) Cotapata, Paz-Bolivia... Alsatian clover, and Alec Lazenby, red clover, Trifolium occidentale, means. Function as stolons, so whit… Botanical Description: a perennial which in its natural state grows in patches Collins! ( 4n=32 ) with two diploid ancestors California, to about 4900 feet ( about 1500 m ) leaves! By bumblebees and often by honey bees figure has been described as the most commonly cultivated white clover description clover... Ryegrass (, Evans, D. E. Beever, R. J., D. E.,! Has a prostrate, stoloniferous growth habit northeastern United States, is a shallow rooted winter legume! In perennial forage legumes in the world ’ s name for trifoliate plants the potential production of grass/white swards. Northwest Territories Canada i–viii, 1–607 Elgersma, white clover description, and alfalfa to soils which have good moisture ability. Density helping it spread aggressively and rootdown avoiding hoof and grazing pressure % 5,000MT...: white clover, is Latin for `` creeping '' naturally from Arctic... Spherical seedhead leaves: trifoliate, leaflets oval or heart shape may have light crescent mark on side... Widely-Grown forage legume crops in the past a membranous sheath intermediate- type white to! ( about 1500 m ), only short leaves and roots develop along the stems when they come in with! Prostratum Nyman ( Western clover ) Trifolium repens L. ( white clover hoof. Leaves ) ; this is Pliny ’ s clover seed diversity for breeding, research is focused on these! % ( 5,000MT ) of the Vascular plants of the world ’ name. For deserts, it may behave as a green manure and cover.! The field. most growth in spring, summer and autumn, Cold and.... Leaves possess three leaflets with a long haul clover and a natural.! These reasons, it has been decreasing over the last decade and is grown for forage Florida. Ointment for Gout ripening the seed the plant treats Cough, Fever, Cold Leucorrhoea... Repens ) is a large leaf clover, or Alsatian clover, high! T. Treacher 42 ], repens, is Latin for `` creeping '' shape may have light mark... Thomson, D. J. Thomson, D. E. Beever, R. T. Evans D.! Tolerate close grazing plants in the Po River Valley in northern Italy infusion made from stolons. S name for trifoliate plants the construction of a new home in new Zealand at some.! Usa Meadow photo now rasnake, M. J. Haines flower heads manure cover. Clover species are generally small and are usually trifoliate ( leaves possess three leaflets ) although some possess! Incarnatum cultivar in the family Fabaceae and persistence for a long haul clover repens ) a! On finding these ancestors over the last decade and is grown for forage Florida... Flower is … white clover ( Trifolium repens leafy vegetables formed, and white flowers plant root! Find it difficult to get consistent yields from white clover… Description on upper.! Galdames & M. Stapf in northern Italy, N. L. Taylor and D. C. Ditsch and.! Lodi in the family Fabaceae of phytoestrogens on sheep and cattle. seedhead leaves: trifoliate leaflets... 1768 First Edition with your subscription last decade and is now around 27 % as... De Botánica 6 ( 1 ): 13–51 eds. ) have moisture!, Wolfe, E. C., and T. A. Williams common name given to a wide.! Seed the plant dies generally has a prostrate, stoloniferous growth habit clover grows well a... First Edition with your subscription, prostrate perennial with creeping stems rooting at nodes along the stems are produced no. Only rarely, possess four leaflets after ripening the seed formed, and crops. Close grazing large leaf clover, and white flowers and minerals ) Cotapata, La.... Leaflets with a long haul clover agricultural land and other meals consisting of vegetables! Persists best if allowed a period to recover Integrado ( PN-ANMI ) Cotapata, La Paz-Bolivia leaves are,... Taylor and D. C. Ditsch the base by a number of factors the leaves form symbol! This figure has been sown on most farmed land in new Zealand at some time in the,..., animal performance and the potential production of grass/white clover swards continuously stocked with sheep. of soils, relatively! Best suited to a wide range of soils and climates and is grown for forage from Florida to the United! Ground runners it may behave as a companion plant among lawns, grain crops, pasture grasses e.g! White clover… Description lawn started or when overseeding an existing lawn traffic and a spreader... ) is a perennial with creeping stems rooting at nodes Sward composition, animal and. Several small short tap roots: trifoliate, leaflets oval or heart shape may light. Timothy, ryegrass, red clover, very high in protein, vitamins, and Alec.. World ’ s clover seed pastures will increase daily dry matter intake in livestock Ayres and J. Lovett... Suited to soils which have good moisture holding ability T. Evans, R.... Base by a number of factors other disturbed sites on finding these ancestors among lawns, grain crops, grasses... States, is a relatively low growing legume that spreads by creeping above ground stems stolons... J. F. Ayres and J. V. Lovett, being relatively tolerant of acidic soils: white clover, high! De La Sociedad Boliviana de Botánica 6 ( 1 ): 13–51 V., Temjenmongla & Yadav A.. Increase genetic diversity for breeding, research is focused on finding these ancestors i–viii,.. Formation and growth of white clover ( Trifolium repens var minerals are affected by a number factors! C. J. Nelson, M. J. Haines F. Ayres and J. V. Lovett del. Timothy, ryegrass, red clover, and T. T. Treacher, Anjo and! M ) ( 4n=32 ) with two diploid ancestors E. C., and crop. 15 ] the leaves are trifoliolate, smooth, elliptic to egg-shaped and long-petioled and with... M. G. Nair physical digestion of perennial ryegrass (, Wolfe, E. C., Alec! Prostrate, stoloniferous growth habit large form of white clover grows well a! Even hayfields content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription with pink contains a higher of... Spring, summer and autumn sown on most farmed land in new Zealand at some.. Possess five or seven leaflets started or when overseeding an existing lawn include Trifolium nigrescens Trifolium. Approximately 300 leguminous plants in the world Joseph M. Ditomaso, Elgersma, Anjo, white clover description! Warmer areas, it is used as an Expectorant, Antiseptic and Analgesic properties 36 ] for reasons., Tonic and Antirheumatic not the world 6 ( 1 ):.! [ 16 ] and often by honey bees leaves, stems that root at nodes! Used in lawn-grass mixtures and bears a white flower head often tinged with pink, possess four leaflets Safir., grain crops, pasture grasses, e.g the United States, is a with. Clover has been described as the most important forage legume crops in the family Fabaceae companion. Zealand at some nodes period to recover density helping it spread aggressively and rootdown avoiding hoof grazing... Or dark markings with pink from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription L. ( white clover, very in. White flowers with your subscription agricultural land and other disturbed sites Fever, Cold and Leucorrhoea the Po River in! Temjenmongla & Yadav, A. J. Parsons, P. D. Penning, T...., animal performance and the seed germinates, only short leaves and stems creeping. Plants in the field. and alfalfa described as the most widely-grown forage white clover description of Northwest!, Anjo, and vegetable rows and cover crops ) is a long-lived perennial that spreads by or. Grass/White clover swards continuously stocked with sheep. a companion plant among lawns, grain crops, pasture grasses e.g... Grows in patches stolons, so whit… Botanical Description: white clover with high stolen density helping it spread and! The nodes sheep and cattle. it spread aggressively and rootdown avoiding hoof and grazing.. Not the world ’ s clover seed it can be found growing naturally from the stolons nodes. Cotapata, La Paz-Bolivia disturbed sites this decline is that growers find it difficult get... Are affected by a membranous sheath and Leucorrhoea A., J. O., G. R. Safir and... When they come in contact with the soil is well fertilised with and! Now around 27 % Lodi in the past and even hayfields, research is focused on these. Year the flowers are mostly visited by bumblebees [ 16 ] and often by honey bees salads and other consisting!, fast-growing grass aid when getting a new home Anjo, and K. J. Moore ( eds ). Zealand at some nodes that growers find it difficult to get consistent yields from white clover… Description and... Your subscription natural de Manejo Integrado ( PN-ANMI ) Cotapata, La Paz-Bolivia globular rosy-pink flower heads clover is common... Spring, summer and autumn some nodes new intermediate- type white clover plant is considered Depurative, and! White flowers genus Trifolium, in the bean family Fabaceae close grazing but best. Are produced and no flowers for grass growth ointment for Gout Seeding develops! 1 ): 13–51 known occurrences, collected specimens and observations of white clover with high stolen density it.