general instructions in taking the eighth census. IPUMS USA collects, preserves and harmonizes U.S. census microdata and provides easy access to this data with enhanced documentation. This was the first census in which a city – New York – recorded a population of over one million. The following are the instructions given to enumerators regarding Indians…When you read these, you will see the method that was used in an attempt to make Indians invisible if not non-existent…except when it was useful for the whites…The 1880 instructions, for instance, make it clear Indians were to be counted for the purpose of gaining representatives for the states, but … 1850-1880: U.S. agricultural schedules are most widely available for research for the years 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880.In 1919 the Bureau of the Census transferred custody of the existing 1850–1880 agricultural and other non-population schedules to state repositories and, in cases where state officials declined to … This tells us that Census Bureau was making some special effort on the New York City returns. Agricultural Schedules . The instructions for conducting the 1880 census include a definition for "Indians not taxed" and an expanded description of Indians to be enumerated: By the phrase "Indians not taxed" is meant Indians living on reservations under the care of Government agents, or roaming individually, or in bands, over unsettled tracts of country. However, between 1850 and 1880 there were no such remarks. Having been duly commissioned and taken the oath prescribed in section 9, law of May 28, 1850, the Assistants will be supplied by the Marshal with the necessary schedules, and a suitable portfolio for their preservation, wherein they should be carried without folding. Availability of U.S. The 1880 Federal Census of the United States was one of the first censuses to include detailed information about the country’s inhabitants (before 1870 only basic information about head of household was collected). 1. In 1870 she was “keeping house”. The districts are described in terms of counties, parts of counties, townships, wards, precincts, blocks, and streets. Those instructions can be found in Manual Containing the "Census Act" and the Instructions to Officers Employed in the Taking of the Second Census in Canada , 1881, Ottawa: Department of Agriculture, Census Branch, 1881 (AMICUS 7204103). Instructions to enumerators were given on how to collect the names and other information in 1881. Beginning with the 1880 Census, the descriptions relate to Enumeration Districts, which were areas that could be covered by a single enumerator (census taker) in a census period that lasted several weeks. Lavinia C. Huff of Hamilton, Georgia was enumerated an idiot on the 1850 Census when she was thirty-six years old. One of the pieces of information new to this census year was data about illness and disability. It was the first time that women were permitted to be enumerators. Data includes decennial censuses from 1790 to 2010 and American Community Surveys (ACS) from 2000 to the present. [Return to Introduction][Browse/Search Story Co. 1880 Census][Story Co. Home Page] Instructions to Enumerators (Duties of Enumerators) It is by law made the duty of each enumerator, after being duly qualified as above to visit personally each dwelling in his subdivision, and each family therein, and each individual living out of a family in any place of abode, and by … About U.S., Schedules of Special Census of Indians, 1880 In 1880, enumerator instructions for the U.S. Federal Census directed census takers to include Native Americans who were “not in tribal relations” and living among white residents on the general population schedules. The instructions for conducting the 1880 census include a definition for "Indians not taxed" and an expanded description of Indians to be enumerated: By the phrase "Indians not taxed" is meant Indians living on reservations under the care of Government agents, or roaming individually, or in bands, over unsettled tracts of country. The United States Census of 1880 conducted by the Census Bureau during June 1880 was the tenth United States Census. By Barb Bauer. Looking at a list of microfilmed returns for the city, we see another anomaly: there are two enumerations for all wards and all original districts (although there are extra districts on the second enumeration). The Superintendent of the Census was Francis Amasa Walker. The 1880 Census was not the first census where it was noted someone was an idiot (or otherwise “defective”). Access to this Census year was data about illness and disability 1880 was tenth... 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