Donations. The diminished scale is an often misunderstood, even a disliked scalar form. The Diminished scale is an important scale used in Jazz but can also be used in blues. Although I tend to use diminished-scale ideas primarily in improvisational settings, I occasionally sneak one into a metal solo (such as in Testament’s “More Than Meets the Eye” [hear it below]). This is very advantageous, as it opens up a … The A diminished chord contains the notes A, C and Eb. The diminished scale is often referred to as “whole-half diminished,” which is how I first learned it, in a scale appendix of the highly recommended Jamey Aebersold jazz play-along series of books and audio recordings. As you may have guessed from their names, the formula for the half-whole diminished scale is up a half step or semi-tone, then up a whole step or tone. The diminished scale is a highly useful resource for adding spice to solos, creating unique licks and formulating modernist note sequences. By blending triadic sounds with other notes from the scale, some very modern and “outside”-sounding patterns can be created. Gb Diminished Scale contains the notes: Gb, Ab, A, B, C, D, Eb, F, Gb. BA1 1UA. GuitarCommand.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. The Diminished scale is a symmetrical 8 tone scale known as an octatonic scale. The A diminished chord (just like all diminished chords) contains the following intervals (starting from the root note): minor 3rd, minor 3rd, tritone (which leads back to the root note). Here i… The Guitar Major Pentatonic Scale. Donations will allow me to pay my bills and provide you with great content. It’s 1-f3-f5. The diminished scale is an eight-note scale that is built by picking a tonic note, and then alternating whole steps and half steps from that starting note. Again, any inherent patterns, whether triads, whole steps, half steps, or any combination thereof, can be sequenced up or down in minor thirds. a G diminished scale can be played over a G diminished chord). Why Learn More Than One Pattern To Play A Bass Scale? The diminished triad is what naturally occurs on the 7th degree of the major scale. These scales are developed mathematically using whole and half steps. These are the most important tones in any diminished chord or scale. Using enharmonic spellings the diminished scale will have a dim 5th and an aug 5thand is much easier to work with. Thank you for signing up to Guitar World. Contemporary Jazz Guitarists: A List Of Exciting Young Jazz Guitarists. Another way to imbue your playing with this potent sound is by arpeggiating the two diminished seventh chords that make up each double diminished scale, as in Ex. Diminished scale guitar fretboard diagrams, tab and information. These scales will generally go on top of some kind of diminished seventh chord. If you visualize it running up a single string you can see that it is made of alternating 1 and 2 fret gaps. The diminished scale is an eight note scale. Guitar Buying Advice For Beginners. Two common ways of playing diminished chords on the guitar are shown below: In these diminished scale diagrams, any of the white circles can be considered to be the root / tonic note of the scale. These types of ideas, by the way, first got my attention via the work of saxophonist Michael Brecker and guitarist John Scofield, both of whom influenced guitarist Jimmy Herring, another big proponent of diminished patterns. You would play the A harmonic minor scale over this chord: So in a chord progression such as: C – E – Am – G. You would play the C major scale over the C, Am and G chords. How To Get A Jazz Guitar Sound: The Guitar, Strings, Pick and Amplifier You Need For A Jazz Tone, What is a Chorus Pedal, What Does A Chorus Pedal Do, And How / When to Use Chorus in Your Playing, Lydian Scale Guitar: Learn How To Play The Lydian Modal Scale On Your Guitar, What is a Compressor Pedal, What Does A Compressor Pedal Do, And How / When to Use Compression in Your Playing. It is a symmetrical scale in that it follows a distinct pattern of steps, those being whole step , half step in a repeating pattern, not to be confused with the dominant diminished scale which follows a half step , whole step pattern. Find guitar scales using graphic interface. Copyright © 2020 GuitarCommand.com. Where as DIMINISHED (whole/half) start with a whole step gap, this variation obviously start with a half step gap. Link to Guitar Pro file of tab for The Guitar Diminished Scale. Study the C diminished scale notation below. In the same way that we observed for the diminished chord, the diminished scale is repeated every three semitones. The PDF book is 105 pages in total and the printed version is 152 pages in total. It is a symmetrical scale in that it follows a distinct pattern, constructed from a repeated sequence of intervals (major second, minor second). © It’s formula follows an alternating pattern of whole steps and half steps—whole, half, whole, half—that repeats up to the octave root note, as illustrated in FIGURE 3. Since this relative major/minor pair contains the exact same notes and chords, the same rule for the harmonic minor scale/diminished arpeggio would apply. A Diminished Scale contains the notes: A, B, C, D, Eb, F, Gb, Ab, A. However, in the right circumstances diminished scales can liven up melodies and guitar solos. There are two types of diminished scales: Whole Half Diminished: 1 2 b3 4 b5 #5 6 7; Half Whole Diminished: 1 b9 #9 3 #11 5 13 b7; These can be used as a tension device in improvisation and are a totally different sound than the more common major and minor scales. Diagram scales: I like to think of these kinds of scales as mental gymnastics, not only for the player, but for the listener. Click here or on the image above to get 25% off your lessons courtesy of Guitar Command. The diminished scale is an eight note scale. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The Best Jazz Bassists: Who Are The Greatest Jazz Bassists Of All Time? Start by learning the intervals f… Well, there are really *two* types of diminished scales, whole-half diminished and half-whole diminished. We’d love to stay in touch, sign up for the Guitar World team to contact you with great news, content and offers. All rights reserved. ... exactly the same apart from the printed book including blank staff and TAB along with blank chord boxes for your own guitar scale ideas. 3c. The decision of whether a diminished seventh chord calls for a whole half diminished scale or a half whole diminished scale is a topic for another discussion. Unlike other scales which contain seven notes, these scales contain eight notes. And since each triad has its own inversions (root position, first and second inversion) the possibilities for melodic invention are immense! If your into jazz this is one you need to learn. 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Because each diminished scale is in effect four scales in one, either B flat, D flat or E diminished scales can also be played over a G diminished chord. Diminished scales can be a lot of fun but these are one of those ones you really should know WHY you are learning it before you do - or you might find yourself wasting a whole lot of time learning something you don't need! Two more ways of playing diminished scales on the guitar are shown below: We hope that you’ve enjoyed learning how to play this strange-sounding, but useful, scale on your guitar. Diminished scales are commonly used to improvise over diminished chords (from which they are formed), and are also used to create tensions over dominant chords. This scale specifically corresponds with a 7(b9) or 13(b9) dominant chord. Alex Skolnick photos from lesson video by Tom Couture | www.tomcouture.com. The Best Rush Albums Ranked: What Are The Top 5 Rush Albums? There are three types of diminished chords: Diminished triads, half diminished, and diminished 7th, which is also called a fully diminished chord. The diminished scale pattern is a whole – half step repeating pattern. For a lesson on improvising with diminished scales, including example guitar solos and a backing track allowing  you to play your own solo, see this page: How To Use Diminished Scales. This arrangement of notes, which fall in minor third intervals, represents a diminished seven arpeggio, which consists of four different notes. So, a diminished triad can simply be thought of as a minor chord with a flat 5th. There was a problem. That’s a root, minor 3rd, and flat (or diminished) 5th, three minor 3rds in a … It can also be used for fusion and heavy metal. All Rights Reserved. If you look closely at the spacing of the notes in a diminished scale, you’ll see why this occurs. C Major Pentatonic Scale Guitar: Play The Pentatonic Major Scale in C in Multiple Fretboard Positions, With TAB, Notation & Scale Patterns, Guitar Scale Patterns: What They Are & How To Use Them, PLUS A Selection Of Useful Patterns, Guitar Strings Notes: Learn Every Note On The Fretboard, E Major Pentatonic Scale Guitar: Play The Pentatonic Major Scale in E in Multiple Fretboard Positions, With TAB, Notation & Scale Patterns, Download a printable Guitar Scales eBook here:Â. Download a printable Guitar Scales eBook here. The dominant diminished scale is used to solo over dominant 7th chords, or more specifically 7b9 chords. The interval pattern is 1 - b 9 - # 9 - 3 - # 11 ( or b 5) - 5 - 13 (6) - b 7. Part 1 of 2. The full diminished scale will use 9 notes. A half diminished chord is the above diminished triad with an added flat 7th. Due to the coronavirus, I have lost 80% or more of my income. England and Wales company registration number 2008885. Diminished Half Whole: Essential Info. Link to page dedicated to The Guitar Diminished Scale. It is a symmetrical scale in that it follows a distinct pattern, constructed from a repeated sequence of intervals (major second, minor second). Learning these scales is one thing, but applying them is a whole different story. Please refresh the page and try again. Its one of these scales that just sound like jazz. Because of that it is also commonly referred to as the whole-half diminished scale. C Diminished Scale contains the notes: C, D, Eb, F, Gb, Ab, A, B, C. Eb Diminished Scale contains the notes: Eb, F, Gb, Ab, A, B, C, D, Eb. Since all of these patterns are movable in minor thirds, this means three more major triads—D, F and Ab—also live within the same B half-whole scale. What Type Of Electric Guitar To Buy? FIGURE 6 offers a relatively simple example, which can be moved up and down the neck in minor thirds. http://www.leadguitartactics.com Lesson on how to play the diminished scale pattern for guitar. In other words, learn the scale construction first before getting bogged down with fingerings. The A diminished chord is produced by taking the 1 (root), b3 and b5 of the A Major scale. The notes rise in a continuous tone / semitone pattern throughout the octave. The diminished scale is a type of 8-note symmetrical scale. It contains the intervals 1,b2,b3,3,#4,5,6,b7. GuitarCommand.com also participates in various other affiliate programs, and we may get a commission from purchases made via links from our site. It is generally played over dominant 7 chords (7 b 9). The Diminished Scale for Guitar. The diminished scale has a rather ambiguous sound when played without accompaniment. This means that (for example) an A diminished scale contains the same notes as a C diminished scale, an E flat diminished scale, and a G flat diminished scale. Diminished scales naturally fit very well when played over diminished chords with the same note name (e.g. This is difficult to remember. Scale 9. What is a Diminished Scale? The diminished scale is an eight-note entity, as shown in FIGURE 2. The diminished scale is often referred to as “whole-half diminished,” which is how I first learned it, in a scale appendix of the highly recommended Jamey Aebersold jazz play-along series of books and audio recordings. Meanwhile, any variation of notes within the diminished scale is movable up and down the neck in minor-third intervals (equal to a three-fret shift on a single string). THE DIMINISHED SCALE (Half/Whole) is the only mode of the DIMINISHED SCALE. Initially one can look at it as diminishing the 3rd, 5th, 6th, a m7th, and 8th. The half-whole diminished scale (the diminished scale) known as "dominant diminished scale" is constructed by repeating a pattern of half and whole steps. FIGURE 7 is an interesting example of such a pattern, played in one position, seventh, and FIGURE 8 is a similar idea that moves up and down the fretboard in minor thirds. People sometimes use several other names for the “half-whole” and “whole-half diminished” scales, but the other terms aren’t standardized, and are sometimes even contradictory. Guitar World is part of Future plc, an international media group and leading digital publisher. Here’s where things get interesting: within the rather sinister-sounding B half-whole diminished scale (B C D D# F F# G# A) lives a rather happy-sounding B major triad (B Ds F#). 3c (Image credit: Future) Jazz pianist, composer, and bandleader Michael Wolff has anchored the bands of Cannonball Adderley, Sonny Rollins, and Nancy Wilson, and was also the musical director for The Arsenio Hall Show . Visit our corporate site. For today, we're just going to focus on the half-whole diminished scale because, like the other scales on this list, it works really well over a G7 chord. The diminished scale, also known as the whole half scale, is an eight note scale with a numeric formula of 1-2-♭ 3-4-♭ 5-♯ 5-6-7-8/1. Learn how to play diminished scales on guitar. The dominant diminished scale can be applied to the V7 chord in a 2-5-1 chord progression, as well as the VI7b9 chord in any tune you are improvising on, which you will often see in a rhythm changes and jazz blues progression. The diminished scale is often used in Jazz, fusion and Metal styles music and has a unique sound. Meanwhile, any variation of notes within the diminished scale is movable up and down the neck in minor-third intervals (equal to a three-fret shift on a single string). See how it contains the same notes as E flat, G flat and A diminished scales. Link to free printable guitar scales PDF file with all 5 positions of The Guitar Diminished Scale. Bath Diagram scales: Scale - Diminished 1,2,b3,4,b5,b6,6,7 FULL-th pattern Root note - E Guitar Tuning: Standard - E-A-D-G-B-E That could be a lesson all on its own! Unlike the modes, the diminished scale is built from a continuously symmetrical intervallic sequence as each four-note group progresses. The diminished scale is a highly useful resource for adding spice to solos. Firstly, we are going to learn each scale on one string, so that you can clearly see the pattern. The diminished scale is a symmetric scale formed by the sequence: Tone – Semitone – Tone – Semitone – Tone – Semitone – Tone. Future Publishing Limited Quay House, The Ambury, We assign numeric value (an interval) to each note, the scales will use the numbers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8. Check out their work, keep an ear out for cool-sounding diminished ideas and have fun exploring these concepts on your own. Ex. 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